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Application of the Impedance Spectroscopy as a New Tool for Studying Biodiesel Fuel Aging Processes
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

The Impact of Biodiesel Fuel on Ethanol/Diesel Blends

1
Institute for Future Transport and Cities, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
2
School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Automotive Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Environment and Computing, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 2JH, UK
3
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Zhytomyr State Technological University, Zhytomyr 10002, Ukraine
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(9), 1804; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091804
Received: 15 March 2019 / Revised: 29 April 2019 / Accepted: 7 May 2019 / Published: 12 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiesel Production)
The interest in biofuels was stimulated by the fossil fuel depletion and global warming. This work focuses on the impact of biodiesel fuel on ethanol/diesel (ED) fuel blends. The soybean methyl ester was used as a representative composition of typical biodiesel fuels. The heating and evaporation of ethanol–biodiesel–diesel (EBD) blends were investigated using the Discrete–Component (DC) model. The Cetane Number (CN) of the EBD blends was predicted based on the individual hydrocarbon contributions in the mixture. The mixture viscosity was predicted using the Universal Quasi-Chemical Functional group Activity Coefficients and Viscosity (UNIFAC–VISCO) method, and the lower heating value of the mixture was predicted based on the volume fractions and density of species and blends. Results revealed that a mixture of up to 15% biodiesel, 5% ethanol, and 80% diesel fuels had led to small variations in droplet lifetime, CN, viscosity, and heating value of pure diesel, with less than 1.2%, 0.2%, 2%, and 2.2% reduction in those values, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiesel; cetane number; diesel; ethanol; fuel blend; heating and evaporation biodiesel; cetane number; diesel; ethanol; fuel blend; heating and evaporation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Esawi, N.; Al Qubeissi, M.; Kolodnytska, R. The Impact of Biodiesel Fuel on Ethanol/Diesel Blends. Energies 2019, 12, 1804. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091804

AMA Style

Al-Esawi N, Al Qubeissi M, Kolodnytska R. The Impact of Biodiesel Fuel on Ethanol/Diesel Blends. Energies. 2019; 12(9):1804. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091804

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Esawi, Nawar; Al Qubeissi, Mansour; Kolodnytska, Ruslana. 2019. "The Impact of Biodiesel Fuel on Ethanol/Diesel Blends" Energies 12, no. 9: 1804. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091804

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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