Next Article in Journal
Data Mining Applications in Understanding Electricity Consumers’ Behavior: A Case Study of Tulkarm District, Palestine
Next Article in Special Issue
Factors Affecting the Performance of Membrane Osmotic Processes for Bioenergy Development
Previous Article in Journal
Use of Biochar-Producing Gasifier Cookstove Improves Energy Use Efficiency and Indoor Air Quality in Rural Households
Previous Article in Special Issue
Potential of Rice Industry Biomass as a Renewable Energy Source
Open AccessArticle

Optimization, Transesterification and Analytical Study of Rhus typhina Non-Edible Seed Oil as Biodiesel Production

Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry (Ministry of Education), Renewable Energy Conversion and Storage Centre, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dedicated to the 100th Anniversary of Nankai University.
Energies 2019, 12(22), 4290; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12224290
Received: 9 October 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 11 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Processing for Biofuels, Bioenergy and Chemicals)
Production of biodiesel from non-edible oils is one of the effective methods to reduce production costs and alleviate the obstacle of traditional raw material supply. Rhus typhina L. (RT) is a promising non-edible plant because it grows fast and has abundant seeds. But previously reported oil content of RT was only 9.7% and 12%. Further research into improving the biodiesel production of RT seed oil is urgently needed. Here we obtained the biodiesel production of RT with a maximum oil content of 22% with a low free fatty acid content of 1.0%. The fatty acid methyl ester (FAMEs) of the RT seed oil was produced by a standard optimized protocol use KOH as a catalyst with the highest yield of 93.4% (w/w). The quality and purity of RT FAMEs, as well as the physio-chemical characterizations of the biodiesel products, were investigated and compared with the international standard of ASTM D6751 and EN 14214. The values of fuel properties are comparable with mineral diesel and environmentally friendly. Overall, the proposed RT seed oil could be a potential source of raw materials for producing high-quality biodiesel after the optimization and transesterification. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rhus typhina biodiesel; non-edible oil; base-catalyzed transesterification; Physico-chemical properties Rhus typhina biodiesel; non-edible oil; base-catalyzed transesterification; Physico-chemical properties
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, I.U.; Yan, Z.; Chen, J. Optimization, Transesterification and Analytical Study of Rhus typhina Non-Edible Seed Oil as Biodiesel Production. Energies 2019, 12, 4290. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12224290

AMA Style

Khan IU, Yan Z, Chen J. Optimization, Transesterification and Analytical Study of Rhus typhina Non-Edible Seed Oil as Biodiesel Production. Energies. 2019; 12(22):4290. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12224290

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Inam U.; Yan, Zhenhua; Chen, Jun. 2019. "Optimization, Transesterification and Analytical Study of Rhus typhina Non-Edible Seed Oil as Biodiesel Production" Energies 12, no. 22: 4290. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12224290

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop