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Thermodynamic and Aerodynamic Analysis of an Air-Driven Fan System in Low-Cost High-Bypass-Ratio Turbofan Engine

College of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
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Energies 2019, 12(10), 1917; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12101917
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 21 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 20 May 2019
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Abstract

In some cases, the improvement of the bypass ratio (BPR) of turbofans is pursued for military or civilian purposes owing to economic, environmental, and performance reasons, among others. However, high-BPR turbofans suffer from incompatibility of spool speed, complex structure for manufacture, development difficulty, and substantially increasing costs, especially for those with small batch production. To deal with the issues, a novel low-cost concept of high-BPR turbofan with air-driven fan (ADTF) is presented in this research. First, the problems faced by high-BPR turbofans are discussed, and the difficulties of geared turbofan (GTF), which is developed as a solution to the problems, are analyzed. A novel turbofan with potential advantages is proposed, and its basic theory is interpreted. Second, high-BPR ADTF is analyzed at the top level, and the design principle and important primary parameters are discussed. Some important concepts and criteria are proposed, enabling the comparison between ADTF and GTF. Finally, an air-driven fan system, the core part of ADTF, is exploratorily designed, and numerical simulation is performed to demonstrate its feasibility. View Full-Text
Keywords: turbofan engine; high bypass ratio; low cost; air-driven fan turbofan engine; high bypass ratio; low cost; air-driven fan
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Lu, W.; Huang, G.; Xiang, X.; Wang, J.; Yang, Y. Thermodynamic and Aerodynamic Analysis of an Air-Driven Fan System in Low-Cost High-Bypass-Ratio Turbofan Engine. Energies 2019, 12, 1917.

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