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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1832;

Increasing Solar Energy Usage for Dwelling Heating, Using Solar Collectors and Medium Sized Vacuum Insulated Storage Tank

Institute of Technology, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 56, EE51006 Tartu, Estonia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2018 / Revised: 9 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 12 July 2018
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This article describes a method for increasing the solar heat energy share in the heating of a dwelling. Solar irradiation is high in summer, in early autumn, and in spring, but during that same time, the heat demand of dwellings is low. This article describes a solution for storing solar heat energy in summertime as well as the calculations of the heat energy balance of such a storage system. The solar heat energy is stored in a thermally insulated water tank and used in the heating period. The heat is also stored in the ground if necessary, using the ground loop of the heat pump if the water tank’s temperature rises above a certain threshold. The stored heat energy is used directly for heating if the heat carrier temperature inside the tank is sufficient. If the temperature is too low for direct heating, then the heat pump can be used to extract the stored energy. The calculations are based on the solar irradiation measurements and heating demand data of a sample dwelling. The seasonal storing of solar heat energy can increase the solar heat energy usage and decrease the heat pump working time. The long-term storage tank capacity of 15 m3 can increase the direct heating from solar by 41%. The direct heating system efficiency is 51%. View Full-Text
Keywords: long-term storage tank; solar heat energy; solar collector long-term storage tank; solar heat energy; solar collector

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Kalder, J.; Annuk, A.; Allik, A.; Kokin, E. Increasing Solar Energy Usage for Dwelling Heating, Using Solar Collectors and Medium Sized Vacuum Insulated Storage Tank. Energies 2018, 11, 1832.

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