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Energies 2017, 10(11), 1755;

Using the PROSA Method in Offshore Wind Farm Location Problems

Faculty of Technology, The Jacob of Paradies University, Teatralna 25, 66-400 Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland
Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Szczecin, Mickiewicza 64, 71-101 Szczecin, Poland
Faculty of Management and Economics of Services, University of Szczecin, Cukrowa 8, 71-004 Szczecin, Poland
Faculty of Computer Science, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Żołnierska 49, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Simon J. Watson
Received: 29 September 2017 / Revised: 21 October 2017 / Accepted: 26 October 2017 / Published: 1 November 2017
PDF [9438 KB, uploaded 3 November 2017]


Wind is the most used renewable energy source (RES) in the European Union and Poland. Due to the legal changes in the scope of RES in Poland, there are plans to develop offshore wind farms at the expense of onshore ones. On the other hand, the success of an offshore wind farm is primarily determined by its location. Therefore, the aim of this study is to select offshore wind farm locations in Poland, based on sustainability assessment, which is an inherent aspect of RES decision-making issues. To accomplish the objectives of this research, PROSA (PROMETHEE for Sustainability Assessment) method, a new multi-criteria method is proposed. Like PROMETHEE (Preference Ranking Organization METHod for Enrichment Evaluation), PROSA is transparent for decision makers and is easy to use; moreover, it provides the analytical tools available in PROMETHEE, i.e., the sensitivity and GAIA (Geometrical Analysis for Interactive Assistance) analyses. However, PROSA is characterized by a lower degree of criteria compensation than PROMETHEE. Thus, it adheres in a higher degree to the strong sustainability paradigm. The study also compared the solutions of the decision problem obtained with the use of PROSA and PROMETHEE methods. The compared methods demonstrated a high concurrence of the recommended decision-making variant of location selection, from methodological and practical points of view. At the same time, the conducted research allowed to confirm that the PROSA method recommends more sustainable decision-making variants, and that the ranking it builds is less sensitive to changes in criteria weights. Therefore, it is more stable than the PROMETHEE-based ranking. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability assessment; strong sustainability; wind energy; offshore; multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA); PROSA; PROMETHEE; GAIA; sensitivity analysis sustainability assessment; strong sustainability; wind energy; offshore; multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA); PROSA; PROMETHEE; GAIA; sensitivity analysis

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Ziemba, P.; Wątróbski, J.; Zioło, M.; Karczmarczyk, A. Using the PROSA Method in Offshore Wind Farm Location Problems. Energies 2017, 10, 1755.

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