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Article

Impact and Outcomes of an Iyengar Yoga Program in a Cancer Centre

1
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
2
Department of Patient and Family Support Services, CancerCare Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
Curr. Oncol. 2008, 15(s2), 109; https://doi.org/10.3747/co.v15i0.284
Received: 6 May 2008 / Revised: 4 June 2008 / Accepted: 13 July 2008 / Published: 1 August 2008
Background: Individuals have increasingly sought complementary therapies to enhance health and well-being during cancer, although little evidence of their effect is available. Objectives: We investigated (1) how an Iyengar yoga program affects the self-identified worst symptom in a group of participants. (2) whether quality of life, spiritual well-being, and mood disturbance change over the Iyengar yoga program and at 6 weeks after the program. (3) how, from a participant’s perspective, the Iyengar yoga program complements conventional cancer treatment. Patients and Methods: This pre–post instrumental collective case study used a mixed methods design and was conducted at a private Iyengar yoga studio. The sample consisted of 24 volunteers (23 women, 1 man; 88% Caucasian; mean age: 49 years) who were currently on treatment or who had been treated for cancer within the previous 6 months, and who participated in ten 90-minute weekly Iyengar yoga classes. The main outcome measures were most-bothersome symptom (Measure Your Medical Outcome Profile 2 instrument), quality of life and spiritual well-being (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy–General subscale and Spiritual subscale), and mood disturbance (Profile of Mood States–Short Form). Participant perspectives were obtained in qualitative interviews. Results: Statistically significant improvements were reported in most-bothersome symptom (t(23) = 5.242; p < 0.001), quality of life (F(2,46) = 14.5; p < 0.001), spiritual well-being (F(2,46) = 14.4; p < 0.001), and mood disturbance (F(2,46) = 10.8; p < 0.001) during the program. At follow-up, quality of life (t(21) = −3.7; p = 0.001) and mood disturbance (t(21) = 2.4; p = 0.025) significantly improved over time. Categorical aggregation of the interview data showed that participants felt the program provided them with various benefits not included on the outcomes questionnaires. Conclusions: Over the course of the Iyengar Yoga for Cancer program, participants reported an improvement in overall well-being. The program was also found to present participants with a holistic approach to care and to provide tools to effectively manage the demands of living with cancer and its treatment.
Keywords: iyengar yoga; cancer; complementary and alternative medicine; integrative oncology; mixed methodology iyengar yoga; cancer; complementary and alternative medicine; integrative oncology; mixed methodology
MDPI and ACS Style

Duncan, M.D.; Leis, A.; Taylor–Brown, J.W. Impact and Outcomes of an Iyengar Yoga Program in a Cancer Centre. Curr. Oncol. 2008, 15, 109. https://doi.org/10.3747/co.v15i0.284

AMA Style

Duncan MD, Leis A, Taylor–Brown JW. Impact and Outcomes of an Iyengar Yoga Program in a Cancer Centre. Current Oncology. 2008; 15(s2):109. https://doi.org/10.3747/co.v15i0.284

Chicago/Turabian Style

Duncan, M. D., A. Leis, and J. W. Taylor–Brown 2008. "Impact and Outcomes of an Iyengar Yoga Program in a Cancer Centre" Current Oncology 15, no. s2: 109. https://doi.org/10.3747/co.v15i0.284

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