Bayesian Variable Selection in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
AbstractLinear regression models are often used to represent the cost and effectiveness of medical treatment. The covariates used may include sociodemographic variables, such as age, gender or race; clinical variables, such as initial health status, years of treatment or the existence of concomitant illnesses; and a binary variable indicating the treatment received. However, most studies estimate only one model, which usually includes all the covariates. This procedure ignores the question of uncertainty in model selection. In this paper, we examine four alternative Bayesian variable selection methods that have been proposed. In this analysis, we estimate the inclusion probability of each covariate in the real model conditional on the data. Variable selection can be useful for estimating incremental effectiveness and incremental cost, through Bayesian model averaging, as well as for subgroup analysis. View Full-Text
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Negrín, M.A.; Vázquez-Polo, F.J.; Martel, M.; Moreno, E.; Girón, F.J. Bayesian Variable Selection in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1577-1596.
Negrín MA, Vázquez-Polo FJ, Martel M, Moreno E, Girón FJ. Bayesian Variable Selection in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(4):1577-1596.Chicago/Turabian Style
Negrín, Miguel A.; Vázquez-Polo, Francisco J.; Martel, María; Moreno, Elías; Girón, Francisco J. 2010. "Bayesian Variable Selection in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 4: 1577-1596.