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Article

Oxygen Consumption (VO2) and Surface Electromyography (sEMG) during Moderate-Strength Training Exercises

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International Ph.D. Program in Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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School of Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City 235, Taiwan
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Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Taipei University, New Taipei City 237, Taiwan
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Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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School of Gerontology Health Management, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Hadi Nobari, Jorge Pérez-Gómez and Juan Pedro Fuentes García
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(4), 2233; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042233
Received: 1 February 2022 / Accepted: 11 February 2022 / Published: 16 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Training for Optimal Sports Performance and Health)
Oxygen consumption (VO2) during strength training can be predicted through surface electromyography (sEMG) of local muscles. This research aimed to determine relations between VO2 and sEMG of upper and lower body muscles to predict VO2 from sEMG during moderate-intensity strength training exercises. Of the 12 participants recruited, 11 were divided into two groups: untrained (n = 5; with no training experience) and trained (n = 6; with 2 months of training experience). On different days, each individual completed six training sessions. Each participant performed training sessions consisting of three types of dumbbell exercises: shoulder press, deadlift, and squat, while wearing a mask for indirect calorimetric measurements of VO2 using the Cortex Metalyzer 3B. sEMG measurements of the bilateral middle deltoid, lumbar erector spinae, quadriceps (rectus femoris), and hamstring (biceps femoris) muscles were recorded. The VO2 was predicted from sEMG root mean square (RMS) values of the investigated muscles during the exercise period using generalized estimating equation (GEE) modeling. The predicted models for the three types of exercises for the untrained vs. trained groups were shoulder press [QIC = 102, * p = 0.000 vs. QIC = 82, * p = 0.000], deadlift [QIC = 172, * p = 0.000 vs. QIC = 320, * p = 0.026], and squat [QIC = 76, * p = 0.000 vs. QIC = 348, * p = 0.001], respectively. It was observed that untrained vs. trained groups predicted GEE models [quasi-likelihood under an independence model criterion (QIC) = 368, p = 0.330 vs. QIC = 837, p = 0.058], respectively. The study obtained significant VO2 prediction models during shoulder press, deadlift, and squat exercises using the right and left middle deltoid, right and left lumbar erector spinae, left rectus femoris, and right and left biceps femoris sEMG RMS for the untrained and trained groups during moderate-intensity strength training exercises. View Full-Text
Keywords: GEE modeling; oxygen consumption; strength training; surface electromyography GEE modeling; oxygen consumption; strength training; surface electromyography
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adeel, M.; Chen, H.-C.; Lin, B.-S.; Lai, C.-H.; Wu, C.-W.; Kang, J.-H.; Liou, J.-C.; Peng, C.-W. Oxygen Consumption (VO2) and Surface Electromyography (sEMG) during Moderate-Strength Training Exercises. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 2233. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042233

AMA Style

Adeel M, Chen H-C, Lin B-S, Lai C-H, Wu C-W, Kang J-H, Liou J-C, Peng C-W. Oxygen Consumption (VO2) and Surface Electromyography (sEMG) during Moderate-Strength Training Exercises. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(4):2233. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042233

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adeel, Muhammad, Hung-Chou Chen, Bor-Shing Lin, Chien-Hung Lai, Chun-Wei Wu, Jiunn-Horng Kang, Jian-Chiun Liou, and Chih-Wei Peng. 2022. "Oxygen Consumption (VO2) and Surface Electromyography (sEMG) during Moderate-Strength Training Exercises" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 4: 2233. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042233

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