Next Article in Journal
Expected Labor Market Affiliation: A New Method Illustrated by Estimating the Impact of Perceived Stress on Time in Work, Sickness Absence and Unemployment of 37,605 Danish Employees
Next Article in Special Issue
Suicide Models and Treatment Models Are Separate Entities. What Does It Mean for Clinical Suicide Prevention?
Previous Article in Journal
Patterns of Agricultural Diversification in China and Its Policy Implications for Agricultural Modernization
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Qualitative Analysis of Motivators to Participation in Suicide-Focused Research from a Community-Based Australian Sample
Article

Psychosocial Correlates of Suicidal Behavior among Adolescents under Confinement Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Aguascalientes, Mexico: A Cross-Sectional Population Survey

1
Psychology Department, Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes [Autonomous University of Aguascalientes], Aguascalientes 20131, Mexico
2
Clinical and Health Psychology Department, Psychology Faculty, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City 04510, Mexico
3
Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría [National Institute of Psychiatry], Tlalpan 14370, Mexico
4
Department of Social Work, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78207, USA
5
School of Social Work, University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lisa N. Sharwood
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4977; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094977
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 28 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 May 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
Background: Suicide and suicidal behaviors were already a global public health problem, producing preventable injuries and deaths. This issue may worsen due to the COVID-19 pandemic and may differentially affect vulnerable groups in the population, including children, adolescents, and young adults. The current study evaluated the association of affective variables (depression, hopelessness, and anxiety), drug use (alcohol, tobacco, and others), emotional intelligence, and attachment with suicidal behaviors. Methods: A state-wide survey included 8033 students (51% female, 49% male; mean age of 16 years) from science and technology high-schools using a standardized questionnaire that was distributed online. Multinomial logistic regression models tested associations between suicidal behaviors and several covariates. The analyses accommodated the complex structure of the sample. Results: Approximately 21% of all students reported a suicidal behavior (11% with a low-lethality suicide attempt, 6% with self-injuries, and 4% with a high-lethality suicide attempt). Variables associated with higher odds of suicidal behavior included: female sex, depression, hopelessness, anxiety, alcohol and tobacco use, childhood trauma, and having to self-rely as issues affecting attachment, and low self-esteem. Security of attachment was associated with lower odds of suicidal behavior. Conclusions: The complexity of suicidal behavior makes it clear that comprehensive programs need to be implemented. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; suicidal behavior; psychosocial correlates; COVID-19 adolescents; suicidal behavior; psychosocial correlates; COVID-19
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hermosillo-de-la-Torre, A.E.; Arteaga-de-Luna, S.M.; Acevedo-Rojas, D.L.; Juárez-Loya, A.; Jiménez-Tapia, J.A.; Pedroza-Cabrera, F.J.; González-Forteza, C.; Cano, M.; Wagner, F.A. Psychosocial Correlates of Suicidal Behavior among Adolescents under Confinement Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Aguascalientes, Mexico: A Cross-Sectional Population Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094977

AMA Style

Hermosillo-de-la-Torre AE, Arteaga-de-Luna SM, Acevedo-Rojas DL, Juárez-Loya A, Jiménez-Tapia JA, Pedroza-Cabrera FJ, González-Forteza C, Cano M, Wagner FA. Psychosocial Correlates of Suicidal Behavior among Adolescents under Confinement Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Aguascalientes, Mexico: A Cross-Sectional Population Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094977

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hermosillo-de-la-Torre, Alicia E., Stephania M. Arteaga-de-Luna, Denise L. Acevedo-Rojas, Angélica Juárez-Loya, José A. Jiménez-Tapia, Francisco J. Pedroza-Cabrera, Catalina González-Forteza, Manuel Cano, and Fernando A. Wagner. 2021. "Psychosocial Correlates of Suicidal Behavior among Adolescents under Confinement Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Aguascalientes, Mexico: A Cross-Sectional Population Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094977

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop