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Open AccessArticle

COVID-19 Pandemic and Quality of Life among Romanian Athletes

1
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Craiova, 200585 Craiova, Romania
2
Faculty of Psychology and Science Education, University of Bucharest, 050663 Bucharest, Romania
3
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University Ovidius of Constanța, 900470 Constanța, Romania
4
Physical Education Department, College of Education, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
5
Physical Education Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol Davila, 020021 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The two last authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4065; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084065
Received: 17 March 2021 / Revised: 3 April 2021 / Accepted: 10 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
The aim of this study was to analyze athletes’ quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study involved 249 athletes between 15 and 35 of age, M = 21.22, SD = 5.12. The sample was composed of eight Olympic Games medalists, three European medalists, 67 international medalists, and 63 national medalists. The instruments used were: (1) COVID-19 Anxiety Scale, (2) Athlete Quality of Life Scale, (3) Impact of Pandemic on Athletes Questionnaire, and (4) International Personality Item Pool (IPIP Anxiety, Depression, and Vulnerability Scales). The results indicate significant differences in COVID-19 anxiety depending on the sport practiced, F (9239) = 3.81, p < 0.01, showing that there were significant differences between sports. The negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic mediates the relationship between trait anxiety and the athletes’ quality of life. The percentage of mediation was 33.9%, and the indirect effect was −0.11, CI 95% (−0.18, −0.03), Z = −2.82, p < 0.01. Trait anxiety has an increasing effect on the intensity of the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, 0.23, CI 95% (.10, 0.35), Z = 3.56, p < 0.01, and the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has a decreasing effect on quality of life, −0.47, CI 95% (−0.67, −0.27), Z = −4.62, p < 0.01. Gender and age did not moderate the relationship between the negative impact of COVID-19 and athletes’ quality of life. The results of the study highlighted the impact that social isolation and quarantine have on athletes’ affective well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; athletes; neuroticism; vulnerability; quality of life COVID-19; athletes; neuroticism; vulnerability; quality of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cosma, G.-A.; Chiracu, A.; Stepan, A.R.; Cosma, M.A.; Nanu, M.C.; Voinea, F.; Bibi, K.W.; Păunescu, C.; Haddad, M. COVID-19 Pandemic and Quality of Life among Romanian Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4065. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084065

AMA Style

Cosma G-A, Chiracu A, Stepan AR, Cosma MA, Nanu MC, Voinea F, Bibi KW, Păunescu C, Haddad M. COVID-19 Pandemic and Quality of Life among Romanian Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4065. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084065

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cosma, Germina-Alina; Chiracu, Alina; Stepan, Amalia R.; Cosma, Marian A.; Nanu, Marian C.; Voinea, Florin; Bibi, Khalid W.; Păunescu, Cătălin; Haddad, Monoem. 2021. "COVID-19 Pandemic and Quality of Life among Romanian Athletes" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4065. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084065

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