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Article

Longitudinal Changes in Gambling, Buying and Materialism in Adolescents: A Population-Based Study

1
Psychology Department, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
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Departament of Experimental Psychology, Cognitive Processes and Logopedia, Faculty of Social Work, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Cooperativa Centro Educativo Los Olivos, 30509 Murcia, Spain
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Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
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Ciber Fisiopatologia Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Barcelona, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Psychiatry, Bellvitge University Hospital-Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL), 08908 Barcelona, Spain
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Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Internacional de la Rioja, 26006 La Rioja, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2811; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062811
Received: 4 February 2021 / Revised: 5 March 2021 / Accepted: 6 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gambling Disorder: Challenges in Diagnosis, Etiology and Treatment)
Gambling disorder, gambling-related cognitive biases, compulsive buying, and materialistic values lead to impaired functioning in important areas of life. The aims of the present longitudinal study are (1) to evaluate the change produced after one year in those mentioned variables and (2) to examine the gender role in these changes and to analyze the mediational mechanisms among the variables of the study. The sample was composed of 182 adolescents (103 females and 79 males) from secondary education Spanish institutions who completed self-administered questionnaires. Structural equation modeling has been used to explore associations between the different variables. Our results show significant decreases in compulsive buying, materialism, and cognitive biases related to gambling after one year. Gambling disorder severity was directly related to cognitive distortions of gambling and being a man. Compulsive buying was associated with older age and the female gender. Materialism was associated with compulsive buying and the male gender. In conclusion, gambling disorder, gambling-related cognitive biases, compulsive buying, and materialistic values change over time in different ways, according to gender. The understanding of gambling disorder and compulsive buying in adolescents could potentially lead to early prevention and treatment programs for the specific needs of gender and age. View Full-Text
Keywords: compulsive buying; gambling disorder; materialism; gambling cognitions; adolescence; longitudinal; treatment compulsive buying; gambling disorder; materialism; gambling cognitions; adolescence; longitudinal; treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Estévez, A.; Jauregui, P.; Momeñe, J.; Macia, L.; López-González, H.; Iruarrizaga, I.; Riquelme-Ortiz, C.; Granero, R.; Fernández-Aranda, F.; Vintró-Alcaraz, C.; Mestre-Bach, G.; Munguía, L.; Solé-Morata, N.; Jiménez-Murcia, S. Longitudinal Changes in Gambling, Buying and Materialism in Adolescents: A Population-Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062811

AMA Style

Estévez A, Jauregui P, Momeñe J, Macia L, López-González H, Iruarrizaga I, Riquelme-Ortiz C, Granero R, Fernández-Aranda F, Vintró-Alcaraz C, Mestre-Bach G, Munguía L, Solé-Morata N, Jiménez-Murcia S. Longitudinal Changes in Gambling, Buying and Materialism in Adolescents: A Population-Based Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062811

Chicago/Turabian Style

Estévez, Ana, Paula Jauregui, Janire Momeñe, Laura Macia, Hibai López-González, Iciar Iruarrizaga, Conchi Riquelme-Ortiz, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Lucero Munguía, Neus Solé-Morata, and Susana Jiménez-Murcia. 2021. "Longitudinal Changes in Gambling, Buying and Materialism in Adolescents: A Population-Based Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062811

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