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Exploring Precursors of Construction Accidents in China: A Grounded Theory Approach
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of the Characteristics of Fatal Accidents in the Construction Industry in China Based on Statistical Data

by 1,* and 2
1
College of Information and Management Science, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450046, China
2
School of Resources and Civil Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonio López Arquillos and Svetlana Solovieva
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2162; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042162
Received: 1 January 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Accidents and Risk Prevention)
Background: Construction activities not only provide the necessary conditions for citizens to live, but also cause fatal accidents. Methods: This study aimed to reveal the characteristics of fatal accidents in the construction industry in China based on statistical data. From 2010 to 2019, there were 6005 fatal accidents in China’s construction industry causing 7275 deaths. The important features of these fatal accidents, such as the type, time of occurrence, site location, severity, and geographical region of the accident, were carefully analyzed. Results: There were 258 major and severe construction accidents causing 1037 deaths, accounting for 4.3% and 14.25% of the total number of construction accidents and deaths in this period, respectively. As an important finding, more deaths occurred in August and on Mondays. The greatest number of construction accidents took place along openings and edges, accounting for 22.9% of all fatal accidents. Taking into account their economic development level and number of employees, Qinghai and Hainan experienced a higher mortality rate than Jiangsu. Falls from a high place were the dominant type of construction accident, accounting for 51.66% of all accidents. However, collapses were the primary type of major and severe construction accident, accounting for 60.09% of such accidents. The predicted number of construction deaths in 2020 is 887 according to the GM(1,1) model. Corresponding safety measures should be adopted to improve the working environment of the construction industry. Implications: The implications of these results with respect to the characteristics of construction accidents can be regarded as the foundation for accident prevention in practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction industry; fatal accidents; statistical analysis; clustering analysis; GM(1,1) model construction industry; fatal accidents; statistical analysis; clustering analysis; GM(1,1) model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, Q.; Xu, K. Analysis of the Characteristics of Fatal Accidents in the Construction Industry in China Based on Statistical Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042162

AMA Style

Xu Q, Xu K. Analysis of the Characteristics of Fatal Accidents in the Construction Industry in China Based on Statistical Data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042162

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Qingwei; Xu, Kaili. 2021. "Analysis of the Characteristics of Fatal Accidents in the Construction Industry in China Based on Statistical Data" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 2162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042162

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