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Article

Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes towards the Influenza Vaccine among Future Healthcare Workers in Poland

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Department of Coordinated Care, Medical University of Lodz, 90-251 Lodz, Poland
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Department of Developmental Nursing and Health Promotion, Medical University of Lodz, 90-251 Lodz, Poland
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Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland
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Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Lodz, 90-151 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: José Tuells, Olivier Epaulard and Zitta Barrella Harboe
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2105; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042105
Received: 17 January 2021 / Revised: 13 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 22 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vaccination Research for Public Health)
The flu vaccine is the best treatment for avoiding the flu and its complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge of the flu vaccine and attitude towards the influenza vaccine among medical students in four majors of study (Nursing, Midwifery, Pharmacy, and Public health) in all years of study. A total number of 1137 subjects took part in the study. Most of the vaccinated students assessed the flu vaccine positively (78.5%, 73.7%, 60.7%, and 65.1%, according to their respective majors) and reported that they did not get the flu during the period of vaccination (90.4%, 92.1%, 87.4%, and 97.7%, respectively). Therefore, 65% of the students of Pharmacy, 78% of Midwifery, and 83% of Nursing who were vaccinated once in the last three years recommended the influenza vaccination, and 100% of all students received a regular vaccination every year. The univariate and multivariate logistic regressions showed that a maximum of four factors had a significant impact on the students’ knowledge of the influenza vaccine. Knowledge about the flu vaccine was the highest among Pharmacy students and lowest among Public health students. Final-year students answered the questions better than the younger ones (p < 0.05). Their place of residence and flu vaccination status also appeared to influence their answers. Although all students demonstrated good knowledge of the flu vaccine and demonstrated positive attitudes towards the vaccine, their rate of immunization was low. Therefore, health promotion programs are needed to improve immunization coverage among medical students who are future healthcare workers. View Full-Text
Keywords: flu vaccine; knowledge; beliefs; attitudes; nursing; public health; pharmacy; midwifery; students; survey flu vaccine; knowledge; beliefs; attitudes; nursing; public health; pharmacy; midwifery; students; survey
MDPI and ACS Style

Kałucka, S.; Głowacka, A.; Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, E.; Grzegorczyk-Karolak, I. Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes towards the Influenza Vaccine among Future Healthcare Workers in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2105. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042105

AMA Style

Kałucka S, Głowacka A, Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk E, Grzegorczyk-Karolak I. Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes towards the Influenza Vaccine among Future Healthcare Workers in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2105. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042105

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kałucka, Sylwia, Agnieszka Głowacka, Elżbieta Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, and Izabela Grzegorczyk-Karolak. 2021. "Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes towards the Influenza Vaccine among Future Healthcare Workers in Poland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 2105. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042105

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