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Article

Sources of COVID-19-Related Information in People with Various Levels of Risk Perception and Preventive Behaviors in Taiwan: A Latent Profile Analysis

1
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
2
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
3
Department of Healthcare Administration, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
4
Department of Psychology, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
5
School of Nursing, The State University of New York, University at Buffalo, New York, NY 14214-3079, USA
6
Department of Psychiatry, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chia-Yi City 60002, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Peng-Wei Wang and Yi-Lung Chen contributed equally to this work as the first authors.
Academic Editor: Marco Viviani
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2091; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042091
Received: 17 January 2021 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 21 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Misinformation on Social Media)
The present study aimed to identify the distinct levels of risk perception and preventive behaviors during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak among people in Taiwan and to examine the roles of information sources in various levels of risk perception and preventive behavior. The online survey recruited 1984 participants through a Facebook advertisement. Their self-reported risk perception, adopted preventive behaviors and COVID-19-related information were collected. We analyzed individuals’ risk perception and adopted preventive behaviors by using latent profile analysis and conducted multinomial logistic regression of latent class membership on COVID-19-related information sources. Four latent classes were identified, including the risk neutrals with high preventive behaviors, the risk exaggerators with high preventive behaviors, the risk deniers with moderate preventive behaviors, and the risk deniers with low preventive behaviors. Compared with the risk neutrals, the risk exaggerators with high preventive behaviors were more likely to obtain COVID-19 information from multiple sources, whereas the risk deniers with moderate preventive behaviors and risk deniers with low preventive behaviors were less likely to obtain COVID-19 information compared with the risk neutrals. Governments and health professions should take the variety of risk perception and adopted preventive behaviors into consideration when disseminating information on COVID-19 to the general public. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; risk perception; preventive behavior; information; health belief model COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; risk perception; preventive behavior; information; health belief model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, P.-W.; Chen, Y.-L.; Chang, Y.-P.; Wu, C.-F.; Lu, W.-H.; Yen, C.-F. Sources of COVID-19-Related Information in People with Various Levels of Risk Perception and Preventive Behaviors in Taiwan: A Latent Profile Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2091. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042091

AMA Style

Wang P-W, Chen Y-L, Chang Y-P, Wu C-F, Lu W-H, Yen C-F. Sources of COVID-19-Related Information in People with Various Levels of Risk Perception and Preventive Behaviors in Taiwan: A Latent Profile Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2091. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042091

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Peng-Wei, Yi-Lung Chen, Yu-Ping Chang, Chia-Fen Wu, Wei-Hsin Lu, and Cheng-Fang Yen. 2021. "Sources of COVID-19-Related Information in People with Various Levels of Risk Perception and Preventive Behaviors in Taiwan: A Latent Profile Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 2091. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042091

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