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Article

Factors Associated with the Work Engagement of Employees Working from Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan

1
Graduate School of Public Health, Teikyo University, Tokyo 173-8605, Japan
2
Department of Breast Surgery, Jyoban Hospital of Tokiwa Foundation, Iwaki 972-8322, Japan
3
Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka 541-8567, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10495; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910495
Received: 9 September 2021 / Revised: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 3 October 2021 / Published: 6 October 2021
This study aimed to identify factors influencing the work engagement of employees working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. Employees’ work engagement was examined using the following survey questions: “Do you feel energized when you are at work? (yes or no)” and “Do you take pride in your work? (yes or no)” After adjusting for potential confounders, Poisson regression was used to examine prevalence ratio and 95% confidence intervals for employees’ work engagement. We analyzed 15,670 individuals (11,894 of whom did not work from home and 3776 of whom worked from home). Their mean age was 45.6 ± 13.8 years, and 58.3% were men. Those who worked from home were younger than those who did not (43.9 ± 13.1 vs. 46.1 ± 13.9, p < 0.001). About 44% of all employees reported high work engagement. Among the employees who worked from home, an increase in sleep hours, effective interactions with supervisors, and working hours of ≤40 h/week were associated with engagement. Sensitivity analysis showed similar results. Close communication with superiors, refraining from working long hours, and obtaining adequate sleep may boost the work engagement of employees working from home. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; work engagement; work from home COVID-19; work engagement; work from home
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amano, H.; Fukuda, Y.; Shibuya, K.; Ozaki, A.; Tabuchi, T. Factors Associated with the Work Engagement of Employees Working from Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910495

AMA Style

Amano H, Fukuda Y, Shibuya K, Ozaki A, Tabuchi T. Factors Associated with the Work Engagement of Employees Working from Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19):10495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910495

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amano, Hoichi, Yoshiharu Fukuda, Katsuhiko Shibuya, Akihiko Ozaki, and Takahiro Tabuchi. 2021. "Factors Associated with the Work Engagement of Employees Working from Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 19: 10495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910495

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