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Embodied Energy Use in China’s Transportation Sector: A Multi-Regional Input–Output Analysis

1
College of Economics and Management, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
3
School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tom Cole-Hunter
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7873; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157873
Received: 30 May 2021 / Revised: 10 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 25 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
Energy transition in the transport sector (TS) is important for the goals of achieving carbon peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060 in China. A number of scholars have conducted studies to identify the potential energy savings of the TS and to improve its energy efficiency. Most of them concentrate on the direct energy use (EU). The indirect EU along the supply chain of the TS is often neglected. In this paper, the direct and indirect energy use, i.e., the embodied EU, of China’s TS is measured by applying a multi-regional input–output (MRIO) model, where they are investigated from both the provincial and sectoral perspectives. Results show that intermediate use is the major driving force for the TS’s embodied EU in China. From the sectoral level, supply from sectors such as petroleum refining and coking and demand from the service sector are the main reasons of the TS’s embodied EU. From the provincial perspective, the TS’s embodied EU is driven by low transportation technologies in most provinces located in central and western China. By contrast, abundant economic and social activities are the primary reason for the TS’s embodied EU in most provinces in eastern China. In the terms of interprovincial transfer, the energy embodied in the TS flows from resource-intensive provinces located in central and western China to resource-deficient provinces in eastern China. In addition, a close geographical connection exists in the transfer. Finally, several strategies from the sectoral and provincial levels are provided for policymakers. View Full-Text
Keywords: transport sector; embodied energy consumption; MRIO model; interprovincial energy transfer transport sector; embodied energy consumption; MRIO model; interprovincial energy transfer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, J.; Fang, H.; Fang, S.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, P. Embodied Energy Use in China’s Transportation Sector: A Multi-Regional Input–Output Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7873. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157873

AMA Style

Li J, Fang H, Fang S, Zhang Z, Zhang P. Embodied Energy Use in China’s Transportation Sector: A Multi-Regional Input–Output Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7873. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157873

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Jing, Hong Fang, Siran Fang, Zhiming Zhang, and Pengyuan Zhang. 2021. "Embodied Energy Use in China’s Transportation Sector: A Multi-Regional Input–Output Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7873. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157873

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