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Article

Associations between Screen-Based Activities, Physical Activity, and Dietary Habits in Mexican Schoolchildren

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USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Avenue, Houston, TX 77030, USA
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Centro de Investigación en Nutrición y Salud, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Universidad No. 655 Colonia Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cerrada Los Pinos y Caminera, Cuernavaca 62100, Mexico
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Instituto de Ciencias Aplicadas a la Actividad Física y Deporte, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Independencia Oriente, Guadalajara 44340, Mexico
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Departamento Medicina Preventiva, Secretaria de Salud, Dr. Baeza Alzaga #107, Colonia Centro, Mexico City 44100, Mexico
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Departamento de Atención a la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad, Calzada del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, Delegación Coyoacán, Xochimilco, Distrito Federal 04960, Mexico
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School of Kinesiology & Health Studies, Queen’s University, 28 Division Street, Kingston, ON K7L3N6, Canada
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Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Edson College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, 550 N. 3rd Street, Phoenix, AZ 77092, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6788; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136788
Received: 27 May 2021 / Revised: 14 June 2021 / Accepted: 15 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovations in Children’s Diet-Related Behaviors)
Screen-based activities are associated with increased risk of obesity and contribute to physical inactivity and poor dietary habits. The primary aim of this study was to examine the associations among screen-based activities, physical activity, and dietary habits in school-aged children in Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta, and Mexico City, Mexico. The secondary aim was to examine these associations across sex. The School Physical Activity and Nutrition survey was used to assess screen-based activities (TV watching, video game use, computer use), physical activity, and dietary habits. Organized activity/sports participation, unhealthy dietary habits, and household income were correlated with screen-based activities. While TV watching was associated with decreased participation in organized activity/sports participation, computer and video game use was associated with increased organized activity/sports participation. Boys engaged in more TV watching and video game use compared to girls. All screen-based activities were associated with age among boys; whereas video game and computer use were associated with higher income among girls. These findings suggest a need for sex- and age-specific strategies that acknowledge the differential use of screen-based activities across sex and age. Future research should continue to identify underlying correlates linking screen-based activities with health behaviors to inform strategies to reduce screen-time in Mexican children. View Full-Text
Keywords: screen time; physical activity; diet; children; Hispanic screen time; physical activity; diet; children; Hispanic
MDPI and ACS Style

Soltero, E.G.; Jáuregui, A.; Hernandez, E.; Barquera, S.; Jáuregui, E.; López-Taylor, J.R.; Ortiz-Hernández, L.; Lévesque, L.; Lee, R.E. Associations between Screen-Based Activities, Physical Activity, and Dietary Habits in Mexican Schoolchildren. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6788. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136788

AMA Style

Soltero EG, Jáuregui A, Hernandez E, Barquera S, Jáuregui E, López-Taylor JR, Ortiz-Hernández L, Lévesque L, Lee RE. Associations between Screen-Based Activities, Physical Activity, and Dietary Habits in Mexican Schoolchildren. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6788. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136788

Chicago/Turabian Style

Soltero, Erica G., Alejandra Jáuregui, Edith Hernandez, Simón Barquera, Edtna Jáuregui, Juan R. López-Taylor, Luis Ortiz-Hernández, Lucie Lévesque, and Rebecca E. Lee 2021. "Associations between Screen-Based Activities, Physical Activity, and Dietary Habits in Mexican Schoolchildren" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6788. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136788

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