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How Are Information and Communication Technologies Supporting Routine Outcome Monitoring and Measurement-Based Care in Psychotherapy? A Systematic Review

1
Department of Basic and Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Jaume I University, Avda. Vicent Sos Baynat s/n, 12071 Castellon de la Plana, Spain
2
Department of Psychology and Sociology, Universidad de Zaragoza and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón, Ciudad Escolar s/n, 44003 Teruel, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3170; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093170
Received: 6 April 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 29 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
Psychotherapy has proven to be effective for a wide range of mental health problems. However, not all patients respond to the treatment as expected (not-on-track patients). Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) and measurement-based care (MBC), which consist of monitoring patients between appointments and using this data to guide the intervention, have been shown to be particularly useful for these not-on-track patients. Traditionally, though, ROM and MBC have been challenging, due to the difficulties associated with repeated monitoring of patients and providing real-time feedback to therapists. The use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) might help reduce these challenges. Therefore, we systematically reviewed evidence regarding the use of ICTs for ROM and MBC in face-to-face psychological interventions for mental health problems. The search included published and unpublished studies indexed in the electronic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, and SCOPUS. Main search terms were variations of the terms “psychological treatment”, “progress monitoring or measurement-based care”, and “technology”. Eighteen studies met eligibility criteria. In these, ICTs were frequently handheld technologies, such as smartphone apps, tablets, or laptops, which were involved in the whole process (assessment and feedback). Overall, the use of technology for ROM and MBC during psychological interventions was feasible and acceptable. In addition, the use of ICTs was found to be effective, particularly for not-on-track patients, which is consistent with similar non-ICT research. Given the heterogeneity of reviewed studies, more research and replication is needed to obtain robust findings with different technological solutions and to facilitate the generalization of findings to different mental health populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: information and communication technologies; outcome monitoring; therapist feedback; measurement-based care; mental health information and communication technologies; outcome monitoring; therapist feedback; measurement-based care; mental health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gual-Montolio, P.; Martínez-Borba, V.; Bretón-López, J.M.; Osma, J.; Suso-Ribera, C. How Are Information and Communication Technologies Supporting Routine Outcome Monitoring and Measurement-Based Care in Psychotherapy? A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3170. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093170

AMA Style

Gual-Montolio P, Martínez-Borba V, Bretón-López JM, Osma J, Suso-Ribera C. How Are Information and Communication Technologies Supporting Routine Outcome Monitoring and Measurement-Based Care in Psychotherapy? A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3170. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093170

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gual-Montolio, Patricia; Martínez-Borba, Verónica; Bretón-López, Juana M.; Osma, Jorge; Suso-Ribera, Carlos. 2020. "How Are Information and Communication Technologies Supporting Routine Outcome Monitoring and Measurement-Based Care in Psychotherapy? A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3170. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093170

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