Next Article in Journal
Burnout, Reasons for Living and Dehumanisation among Italian Penitentiary Police Officers
Next Article in Special Issue
The Psycho-Social Impact of Human-Animal Interactions
Previous Article in Journal
Burnout in Gastroenterology Unit Nurses
Previous Article in Special Issue
Riding into Health: A Case Study on an Equine-Assisted Childhood Obesity Intervention
Article

Understanding the Link between Animal Cruelty and Family Violence: The Bioecological Systems Model

1
Faculty of Educational Psychology, Learning Sciences and Human Development, University of Washington, 322 F Miller Hall, Box 353600, Seattle, WA 98195-3600, USA
2
Faculty of Psychology, Open University of The Netherlands, Valkenburgerweg 177, 6419 AT Heerlen, The Netherlands
3
Society for Companion Animal Studies (SCAS), P.O. Box 23, Chertsey, Surrey KT16 9WQ, UK
4
Dogs Trust, 17 Wakely Street, London EC1V 7RQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3116; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093116
Received: 20 March 2020 / Revised: 19 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 30 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Psycho-Social Impact of Human-Animal Interactions)
Violence towards animals and violence towards people are often interconnected problems, and as such, this phenomenon has been termed the Link. Violence towards animals is a strong predictor that the abuser may inflict violence on people. However, it must not be assumed this is always the case. Professionals treating an animal or a human patient/client who has been subjected to abuse are uniquely situated to act in the role of ‘first responders’ when they suspect or recognize animal abuse, human abuse, or family violence. To more fully understand the Link the authors introduce Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological systems model through which to examine the complexity of the problem. Using data from earlier studies in which they interviewed police officers, other law enforcers, veterinarians, social workers, and community and family members, the authors discuss the correlation between animal cruelty and family violence. Furthermore, they examine how Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological systems model has the potential to better support animal and human health and welfare professionals in the identification of strategies for animals and humans caught in abusive settings. The authors recommend that these professionals become familiar with the bioecological systems model, which will enable them to better understand the psychological problems of animal cruelty and family violence and the different bioecological contributing factors. The authors emphasize transdisciplinary collaboration as vital in the recognition, prevention, and protection of animal and human victims trapped in family violence. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological systems model; animal abuse; animal cruelty; child abuse; family violence; the Link Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological systems model; animal abuse; animal cruelty; child abuse; family violence; the Link
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jegatheesan, B.; Enders-Slegers, M.-J.; Ormerod, E.; Boyden, P. Understanding the Link between Animal Cruelty and Family Violence: The Bioecological Systems Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093116

AMA Style

Jegatheesan B, Enders-Slegers M-J, Ormerod E, Boyden P. Understanding the Link between Animal Cruelty and Family Violence: The Bioecological Systems Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093116

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jegatheesan, Brinda, Marie-Jose Enders-Slegers, Elizabeth Ormerod, and Paula Boyden. 2020. "Understanding the Link between Animal Cruelty and Family Violence: The Bioecological Systems Model" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093116

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop