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Article

Influence of Family Environment and Tobacco Addiction: A Short Report from a Post-Graduate Teaching Hospital, India

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Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Faculty of Ayurveda, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
2
Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Alameda Prof. Hernani Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
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Institute for Research and Innovation in Health (i3S), University of Porto, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal
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National Institute of Indian Medical Heritage, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, Hyderabad, Telangana 500036, India
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Department of Education, University of Catania, 2 Ofelia, 95124 Catania, Italy
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Center of Excellence for the Acceleration of Harm Reduction, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
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Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Ayurveda, Banaras Hindu University, 221005 Varanasi, India
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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Králové, 50003 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
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Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi 110076, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2868; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082868
Received: 27 February 2020 / Revised: 15 April 2020 / Accepted: 18 April 2020 / Published: 21 April 2020
Background: The initiation of tobacco addiction is complex, and several factors contribute to the onset of this behavior. It is presumed that the influence of family environment may pose a key factor in tobacco addiction. Tobacco-use has been highly observed in the Jamnagar district of Saurashtra region of Gujarat, India. No earlier study has focused on determining the pervasiveness of tobacco-use in families of tobacco users and non-users in this geographical area. Thus, this study aimed to assess the practice and pattern of tobacco-use (smoking and/or tobacco-chewing) in the families of tobacco-user patients. Methods: We studied the families of 65 tobacco-user patients (Group 1) who visited an outpatient clinic of an Ayurvedic post-graduate hospital with complaints of cough were studied and compared with age and gender-matched non-tobacco users (Group 2). The prevalence of tobacco use among the parents, siblings, and children of both groups was analyzed and compared. Results: The findings revealed that tobacco use among parents, siblings, and children in Group 1 was higher than Group 2 (p < 0.001). This meant that the problems of tobacco addiction are not always related to the individual, and therefore, tobacco-prevention strategies should focus on the entire family. Conclusions: These findings offer further insight into the promotion of smoking prevention interventions. Nevertheless, further research is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: addiction; family; Jamnagar; public health; smoking; tobacco; smoking addiction; family; Jamnagar; public health; smoking; tobacco; smoking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, R.; Martins, N.; Tripathi, A.; Caponnetto, P.; Garg, N.; Nepovimova, E.; Kuča, K.; Prajapati, P.K. Influence of Family Environment and Tobacco Addiction: A Short Report from a Post-Graduate Teaching Hospital, India. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2868. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082868

AMA Style

Sharma R, Martins N, Tripathi A, Caponnetto P, Garg N, Nepovimova E, Kuča K, Prajapati PK. Influence of Family Environment and Tobacco Addiction: A Short Report from a Post-Graduate Teaching Hospital, India. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2868. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082868

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sharma, Rohit, Natália Martins, Arunabh Tripathi, Pasquale Caponnetto, Neha Garg, Eugenie Nepovimova, Kamil Kuča, and Pradeep K. Prajapati 2020. "Influence of Family Environment and Tobacco Addiction: A Short Report from a Post-Graduate Teaching Hospital, India" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2868. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082868

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