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Article

Invasive Coronary Angiography after Chest Pain Presentations to Emergency Departments

1
School of Population and Global Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth 6009, Australia
2
Cardiology Department, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth 6000, Australia
3
Medical School, The University of Western Australia, Perth 6009, Australia
4
Cardiology Department, Fiona Stanley Hospital, Murdoch 6150, Australia
5
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands 6009, Australia
6
Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9502; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249502
Received: 27 October 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 18 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Population Health and Health Services)
We investigated patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with chest pain to identify factors that influence the use of invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Using linked ED, hospitalisations, death and cardiac biomarker data, we identified people aged 20 years and over who presented with chest pain to tertiary public hospital EDs in Western Australia from 1 January 2016 to 31 March 2017 (ED chest pain cohort). We report patient characteristics, ED discharge diagnosis, pathways to ICA, ICA within 90 days, troponin test results, and gender differences. Associations were examined with the Pearson Chi-squared test and multivariate logistic regression. There were 16,974 people in the ED chest pain cohort, with a mean age of 55.6 years and 50.7% males, accounting for 20,131 ED presentations. Acute coronary syndrome was the ED discharge diagnosis in 10.4% of presentations. ED pathways were: discharged home (57.5%); hospitalisation (41.7%); interhospital transfer (0.4%); and died in ED (0.03%)/inpatients (0.3%). There were 1546 (9.1%) ICAs performed within 90 days of the first ED chest pain visit, of which 59 visits (3.8%) had no troponin tests and 565 visits (36.6%) had normal troponin. ICAs were performed in more men than women (12.3% vs. 6.1%, p < 0.0001; adjusted OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.65, 2.18), and mostly within 7 days. Equal numbers of males and females present with chest pain to tertiary hospital EDs, but men are twice as likely to get ICA. Over one-third of ICAs occur in those with normal troponin levels, indicating that further investigation is required to determine risk profile, outcomes and cost effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: chest pain; emergency departments; coronary angiography; linked health data; cardiac biomarkers; health services research; gender differences chest pain; emergency departments; coronary angiography; linked health data; cardiac biomarkers; health services research; gender differences
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanfilippo, F.M.; Hillis, G.S.; Rankin, J.M.; Latchem, D.; Schultz, C.J.; Yong, J.; Li, I.W.; Briffa, T.G. Invasive Coronary Angiography after Chest Pain Presentations to Emergency Departments. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249502

AMA Style

Sanfilippo FM, Hillis GS, Rankin JM, Latchem D, Schultz CJ, Yong J, Li IW, Briffa TG. Invasive Coronary Angiography after Chest Pain Presentations to Emergency Departments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249502

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanfilippo, Frank M., Graham S. Hillis, Jamie M. Rankin, Donald Latchem, Carl J. Schultz, Jongsay Yong, Ian W. Li, and Tom G. Briffa 2020. "Invasive Coronary Angiography after Chest Pain Presentations to Emergency Departments" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249502

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