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Open AccessArticle

Eating Behaviour and Physical Fitness in 10-Year-Old Children Attending General Education and Sports Classes

1
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Siedlce University, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
2
Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6467; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186467
Received: 16 July 2020 / Revised: 27 August 2020 / Accepted: 2 September 2020 / Published: 5 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children and Young People’s Participation in Health and Well-Being)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the body mass index (BMI), selected eating behaviour and physical fitness of children aged 10 years attending general education and sports classes in Siedlce. Subject children were 272 girls and boys mean aged 10.8-years attending general education (GC) and sports classes (SC). Survey questionnaires consisted of 18 questions about eating behaviour and physical activity. The BMI was determined for each child and compared with reference percentile charts. Eurofit testing was used to measure physical fitness. Increased physical fitness was positively correlated with beneficial eating behaviour among children. SC children showed significantly more frequent dietary intakes of milk, dairy products, poultry, fish, wholegrain bread, groats and vegetables when compared to GC ones. However, significantly more GC children ate red meat more frequently along with snacking on confectionery and savouries than SC ones. Most subjects fell within correct BMI percentile ranges. Underweight was more frequent in SC children at 12.85% than in GC children 9.88%. Overweight and obesity was most often observed in GC children (respectively 19.73% and 5.51%) compared to SC ones (respectively 14.37% and 3.8%). SC children achieved significantly better results in the Eurofit tests. The highest levels of physical fitness and most favourable BMIs and eating behaviour were observed more often among SC children than GC ones. The results confirmed the beneficial health effects of physical fitness for children. View Full-Text
Keywords: BMI; children health; Eurofit; fitness; sports classes BMI; children health; Eurofit; fitness; sports classes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ługowska, K.; Kolanowski, W.; Trafialek, J. Eating Behaviour and Physical Fitness in 10-Year-Old Children Attending General Education and Sports Classes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6467.

AMA Style

Ługowska K, Kolanowski W, Trafialek J. Eating Behaviour and Physical Fitness in 10-Year-Old Children Attending General Education and Sports Classes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6467.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ługowska, Katarzyna; Kolanowski, Wojciech; Trafialek, Joanna. 2020. "Eating Behaviour and Physical Fitness in 10-Year-Old Children Attending General Education and Sports Classes" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 18: 6467.

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