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Open AccessArticle

Allocation of Flood Drainage Rights Based on the PSR Model and Pythagoras Fuzzy TOPSIS Method

by 1,2,*, 2,3, 4 and 2,3,*
1
Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
2
Yangtze Institute for Conservation and Development, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
3
College of Agricultural Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
4
School of Instrument Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5821; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165821
Received: 16 July 2020 / Revised: 6 August 2020 / Accepted: 9 August 2020 / Published: 11 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Disaster Resilience and Sustainability)
To minimize losses caused by flooding of areas in a river basin, flood risk management may sacrifice the interests of some areas. Because of regional differences in natural and urban conditions, rankings of the urgencies of flood drainage rights allocations in different regions are of great practical significance to the realization of optimal allocations and reduction of damages. Based on the “pressure–state–response” (PSR) framework, this study designed an index system of flood drainage rights allocations in river basins for the comprehensive consideration of the different attributes of regional societies, environments, and technologies, as well as the differences in the quality of technical management and in the levels of social and economic development. A Pythagoras fuzzy TOPSIS method was used to evaluate the urgencies and determine the management of allocations in different areas. Eight cities in Jiangsu Province in the Huai River Basin were selected as the research objects. The results showed that pressure factors played dominant roles in the degrees of urgency. Among the cities, Nantong had the highest degree, followed by Taizhou, whereas Lianyungang had the lowest. The degrees in the central region of Jiangsu were higher than in the northern region. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood drainage rights management; urgency of flood drainage rights allocation; PSR model; Pythagoras fuzzy TOPSIS method; Huai River Basin flood drainage rights management; urgency of flood drainage rights allocation; PSR model; Pythagoras fuzzy TOPSIS method; Huai River Basin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, D.; Shen, J.; Liu, P.; Sun, F. Allocation of Flood Drainage Rights Based on the PSR Model and Pythagoras Fuzzy TOPSIS Method. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5821. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165821

AMA Style

Zhang D, Shen J, Liu P, Sun F. Allocation of Flood Drainage Rights Based on the PSR Model and Pythagoras Fuzzy TOPSIS Method. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5821. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165821

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Dandan; Shen, Juqin; Liu, Pengfei; Sun, Fuhua. 2020. "Allocation of Flood Drainage Rights Based on the PSR Model and Pythagoras Fuzzy TOPSIS Method" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 16: 5821. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165821

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