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Article

Role of Global Self-Esteem in Predicting Life Satisfaction of Nursing Students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia

1
Department of Nursing, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Nursing, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland
3
Department of Nursing, University of Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, 30100 Murcia, Spain
4
Murcian Institute of Biosanitary Research (IMIB), 30120 Murcia, Spain
5
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Catholic University in Ruzomberok, 034-01 Ruzomberok, Slovakia
6
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-045 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5392; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155392
Received: 24 June 2020 / Revised: 22 July 2020 / Accepted: 23 July 2020 / Published: 27 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Research)
Background: This study analyzed the role of global self-esteem and selected sociodemographic variables in predicting life satisfaction of nursing students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia. Methods: The study subjects were full-time nursing students from three European countries. A diagnostic survey was used as a research method, while the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (SES) and the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) were used to collect data. Results: The research was performed on a group of 1002 students. The mean age of those surveyed was 21.6 (±3.4). The results showed significant differences both in the level of the global self-esteem index (F = 40.74; p < 0.0001) and in the level of general satisfaction with life (F = 12.71; p < 0.0001). A comparison of the structure of results demonstrated that there were significantly fewer students with high self-esteem in Spain (11.06%) than in Poland (48.27%) and in Slovakia (42.05%), while more students with a high sense of life satisfaction were recorded in Spain (64.90%) than in Poland (37.87%) or in Slovakia (47.44%). A positive, statistically significant correlation was found between global self-esteem and satisfaction with life in the group of Slovak students (r = 0.37; p < 0.0001), Polish students (r = 0.31; p < 0.0001) and Spanish students (r = 0.26; p < 0.0001). Furthermore, a regression analysis proved that three variables explaining a total of 12% output variation were the predictors of life satisfaction in Polish students. The regression factor was positive (ßeta = 0.31; R2 = 0.12), which indicates a positive correlation and the largest share was attributed to global self-esteem (9%). In the group of Spanish students, global self-esteem explained 7% (ßeta = 0.27; R2 = 0.07) of the output variation and 14% in the group of Slovak students (ßeta = 0.38; R2 = 0.14). Conclusions: The global self-esteem demonstrates the predictive power of life satisfaction of nursing students, most clearly marked in the group of Slovak students. The measurement of the variables under consideration may facilitate the planning and implementation of programs aimed at increasing self-esteem among young people and promoting the well-being of nursing students. View Full-Text
Keywords: global self-esteem; life satisfaction; student; nursing global self-esteem; life satisfaction; student; nursing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kupcewicz, E.; Grochans, E.; Mikla, M.; Kadučáková, H.; Jóźwik, M. Role of Global Self-Esteem in Predicting Life Satisfaction of Nursing Students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5392. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155392

AMA Style

Kupcewicz E, Grochans E, Mikla M, Kadučáková H, Jóźwik M. Role of Global Self-Esteem in Predicting Life Satisfaction of Nursing Students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5392. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155392

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kupcewicz, Ewa, Elżbieta Grochans, Marzena Mikla, Helena Kadučáková, and Marcin Jóźwik. 2020. "Role of Global Self-Esteem in Predicting Life Satisfaction of Nursing Students in Poland, Spain and Slovakia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5392. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155392

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