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Comparison of Job Quality Indices Affecting Work–Life Balance in South Korea According to Employee Gender

1
College of Nursing, Gachon University, Incheon 21936, Korea
2
Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
3
Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4819; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134819
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 4 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Maintaining a healthy work–life balance is important for both males and females. Nevertheless, gender segregation still exists in labor markets in South Korea. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate differences in occupational characteristics, job quality indices, and work-life balance between male and female employees. This study was a secondary analysis of the data collected through the fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey in South Korea. Generalized ordinal logistic regression analysis was carried out to investigate the associations between job quality indices and work–life balance of employees by gender. The job quality indices were different according to gender. Male employees were mainly affected by working time quality and work intensity, while female employees were affected by both these factors and by the physical environment. Therefore, strategies differentiated by gender are necessary to improve work–life balance. In particular, more careful attention should be paid to female workers’ physical environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: job quality; work–life balance; gender; employee job quality; work–life balance; gender; employee
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Choi, S.-H.; Choi, E.Y.; Lee, H. Comparison of Job Quality Indices Affecting Work–Life Balance in South Korea According to Employee Gender. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4819.

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