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Open AccessArticle

Brief Psychological Intervention Through Mobile App and Conference Calls for the Prevention of Depression in Non-Professional Caregivers: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Psychology, University of A Coruña, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
2
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
3
Department of Psychiatry, Radiology and Public Health, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4578; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124578
Received: 3 June 2020 / Revised: 20 June 2020 / Accepted: 24 June 2020 / Published: 25 June 2020
Despite its potential, no intervention aimed at non-professional caregivers administered through a smartphone app has been proven to prevent depression. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of an indicated depression-prevention intervention for non-professional caregivers administered through an app with the addition of conference-call contact. The intervention was administered to 31 caregivers (Mean age = 54.0 years, 93.5% women). An independent evaluation determined the incidence of depression, depressive symptoms, risk of developing depression, and the variables in the theoretical model (positive environmental reinforcement, negative automatic thoughts) at the pre-intervention and post-intervention, as well as the one- and three-month follow-ups. The incidence of depression at 3 months of follow-up was 6.5%. There was a significant reduction in depressive symptoms (p < 0.001) and in the risk of developing depression (p < 0.001) at the post-intervention and at the one- and three-month follow-ups. The model’s variables improved significantly after the intervention and were associated with post-intervention depressive symptoms. The intervention was more effective in caregivers who had a lower level of depressive symptoms at the pre-intervention. Adherence and satisfaction with the intervention were high. The results encourage future research using a randomized controlled clinical trial. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; nonprofessional caregiver; prevention; cognitive; behavioral; telephone; app depression; nonprofessional caregiver; prevention; cognitive; behavioral; telephone; app
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MDPI and ACS Style

Otero, P.; Hita, I.; Torres, Á.J.; Vázquez, F.L. Brief Psychological Intervention Through Mobile App and Conference Calls for the Prevention of Depression in Non-Professional Caregivers: A Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4578. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124578

AMA Style

Otero P, Hita I, Torres ÁJ, Vázquez FL. Brief Psychological Intervention Through Mobile App and Conference Calls for the Prevention of Depression in Non-Professional Caregivers: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4578. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124578

Chicago/Turabian Style

Otero, Patricia; Hita, Isabel; Torres, Ángela J.; Vázquez, Fernando L. 2020. "Brief Psychological Intervention Through Mobile App and Conference Calls for the Prevention of Depression in Non-Professional Caregivers: A Pilot Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 12: 4578. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124578

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