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Open AccessArticle

Social Participation in Relation to Technology Use and Social Deprivation: A Mixed Methods Study Among Older People with and without Dementia

1
Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, 14183 Huddinge, Sweden
2
Faculty of Brain Sciences, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
3
Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, 20506 Malmö, Sweden
4
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
5
Research and Development Department, North East London NHS Foundation Trust, Maggie Lilley Suite, Goodmayes Hospital, Essex IG3 8XJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 4022; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114022
Received: 7 May 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 2 June 2020 / Published: 5 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assistive Technologies for Children, Young People and Adults)
Social participation is a modifiable determinant for health and wellbeing among older people; however, social participation is increasingly dependent on technology use. This study investigated social participation in relation to Everyday Technology use and social deprivation of the living environment, among older people with and without dementia in the United Kingdom. Sixty-four people with dementia and sixty-four people without dementia were interviewed using standardized questionnaires: The Participation in ACTivities and Places OUTside Home Questionnaire and Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire. A mixed methods approach integrated statistical analyses and content analysis of free-text responses, through data visualizations. Small, statistically significant associations were found between social participation and Everyday Technology use outside home, for participants with dementia (Rs = 0.247; p = 0.049) and without dementia (Rs = 0.343; p = 0.006). A small, statistically significant association was identified between social participation and social deprivation in the living environment, among only participants with dementia (Rs = 0.267, p = 0.033). The content analysis and graphical joint display revealed motivators, considerations that require extra attention, and strategies for managing social participation. The results underline how Everyday Technology use can be assistive to social participation but also the need to consider social deprivation of the living environment, especially among people with dementia. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital accessibility; technologies for aging; information and communication technologies; social participation; dementia digital accessibility; technologies for aging; information and communication technologies; social participation; dementia
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Gaber, S.N.; Nygård, L.; Brorsson, A.; Kottorp, A.; Charlesworth, G.; Wallcook, S.; Malinowsky, C. Social Participation in Relation to Technology Use and Social Deprivation: A Mixed Methods Study Among Older People with and without Dementia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4022.

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