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Article

A Novel Procedure of Total Organic Carbon Analysis for Water Samples Containing Suspended Solids with Alkaline Extraction and Homogeneity Evaluation by Turbidity

1
Department of Environment Energy Engineering, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Seoul 01811, Korea
2
Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3901; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113901
Received: 7 May 2020 / Revised: 27 May 2020 / Accepted: 29 May 2020 / Published: 31 May 2020
This study was conducted to develop and validate a more reliable total organic carbon (TOC) analytical procedure for water samples containing suspended solids (SS). The effects of the combined ultrasonic and alkaline pretreatment (CULA) on the TOC measurement were studied in water samples containing SS from three origins (algae, sewage particles, and soil) under different analytical conditions (SS concentration, oxidation methods, and sieve size). The applicability of turbidity as a homogeneity index was also evaluated. With CULA, TOC recovery remained high (>80%) for SS concentration ranges up to four times larger than ultrasonic pretreatment alone (UL) due to enhanced particulate organic carbon (POC) solubilization, and did not significantly differ depending on the oxidation methods, at low SS concentrations, or with varying sieve sizes. In particular, the turbidity change rate (i.e., NTU5/NTU0) of the pretreated water sample showed a high correlation with TOC precision (r2 = 0.73, p < 0.01), which suggests that turbidity can be used as an indicator of sample homogeneity. A novel TOC analytical procedure is expected to be useful for more accurate assessments of the impact of particulate pollutants on water quality than current methods, and for the analysis of the carbon cycle, including POCs, in the environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: total organic carbon; suspended solids; ultrasonication; alkaline extraction; turbidity; analytical procedure total organic carbon; suspended solids; ultrasonication; alkaline extraction; turbidity; analytical procedure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, H.-S.; Hur, J.; Hwang, Y.-H.; Shin, H.-S. A Novel Procedure of Total Organic Carbon Analysis for Water Samples Containing Suspended Solids with Alkaline Extraction and Homogeneity Evaluation by Turbidity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113901

AMA Style

Lee H-S, Hur J, Hwang Y-H, Shin H-S. A Novel Procedure of Total Organic Carbon Analysis for Water Samples Containing Suspended Solids with Alkaline Extraction and Homogeneity Evaluation by Turbidity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113901

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Han-Saem, Jin Hur, Yu-Hoon Hwang, and Hyun-Sang Shin. 2020. "A Novel Procedure of Total Organic Carbon Analysis for Water Samples Containing Suspended Solids with Alkaline Extraction and Homogeneity Evaluation by Turbidity" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 3901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113901

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