Next Article in Journal
Identifying Research Trends and Gaps in the Context of COVID-19
Next Article in Special Issue
Early Treatment of Anterior Crossbite with Eruption Guidance Appliance: A Case Report
Previous Article in Journal
Decision-Making Process in Female Genital Mutilation: A Systematic Review
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Caries and Associated Risk Factors in a Representative Group of Preschool Children from an Urban Area with High Income in Milan Province, Italy

1
Dental School, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University and IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, 20132 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Orthodontics, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3372; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103372
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 3 May 2020 / Accepted: 8 May 2020 / Published: 12 May 2020
The present survey provides a quantitative assessment of caries prevalence, covering a group of 3–5 year-old children from an urban area generally with a high income in the province of Milan, and a comparison of the obtained results with the data presented by the W.H.O. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the period from March to September 2018 to investigate the prevalence of caries in a sample of 160 children (82 females and 78 males). The absence/presence of caries was defined as a dependent variable. Factors concerning lifestyle, diet, oral habits, oral hygiene, the presence and type of malocclusion and mouth breathing attitude were considered as risk factors. Data were analyzed by Chi-square (χ2) and regression tests using SPSS (version 25.0) software. In total, 84.38% of children (135 out of 160) showed no caries. A regression analysis demonstrated that children who had already received an early first dental visit were mostly those already affected by caries. Furthermore, children who had four meals daily or more were less exposed to the risk of developing caries compared to those who had only 1–3 meals daily. The caries prevalence of preschool children from urban areas with a high income in Milan province is relatively close to that considered acceptable by the W.H.O. in its proposed goals for the year 2020. Therefore, it can be concluded from the obtained results that there is a possibility for further improvement in preventing caries growth at its initial stage: it is necessary for the number of meals daily consumed by children to be controlled by parents, and conducting a dental visit early in childhood must not be neglected. View Full-Text
Keywords: caries; prevalence; preschool children; high income population; urban population caries; prevalence; preschool children; high income population; urban population
MDPI and ACS Style

Nota, A.; Darvizeh, A.; Primožič, J.; Onida, F.; Bosco, F.; Gherlone, E.F.; Tecco, S. Prevalence of Caries and Associated Risk Factors in a Representative Group of Preschool Children from an Urban Area with High Income in Milan Province, Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3372.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop