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Open AccessArticle

Development of a Method to Locate Deserts and Food Swamps Following the Experience of a Region in Quebec, Canada

1
Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, Montréal, QC H2P 1E2, Canada
2
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
3
Department of Nutrition, University of Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3359; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103359
Received: 1 April 2020 / Revised: 6 May 2020 / Accepted: 7 May 2020 / Published: 12 May 2020
Unhealthy eating and food insecurity are recognized risk factors for chronic diseases. Collective and environmental factors, such as geographic access to food condition food choices. The objective of this study was to map food deserts and food swamps in Gaspesie, a region of Quebec (Canada), using geographical information systems (GIS) and field validation. Eleven sectors (5 rural and 6 urban) where 5% of the Gaspesie population lives were considered food deserts. Eight sectors (all rural) constituting 4.5% of the population were considered food swamps. Nearly 88% (3/8) of food swamps were located in disadvantaged and very disadvantaged areas. The Gaspesie region is already actively involved in changing environments to make them conducive to healthy eating for all. The mapping of food deserts can support intersectoral collaboration on food security. Food swamp mapping will make it possible to more accurately characterize the existing food environment in the region. Both indicators will be useful in raising awareness and mobilizing partners for a comprehensive strategy to improve the food environment that is not only based on the food desert indicator alone but also takes into account the presence of food swamps. View Full-Text
Keywords: food environment; food desert; food swamp; methodology; GIS food environment; food desert; food swamp; methodology; GIS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Robitaille, É.; Paquette, M.-C. Development of a Method to Locate Deserts and Food Swamps Following the Experience of a Region in Quebec, Canada. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103359

AMA Style

Robitaille É, Paquette M-C. Development of a Method to Locate Deserts and Food Swamps Following the Experience of a Region in Quebec, Canada. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103359

Chicago/Turabian Style

Robitaille, Éric; Paquette, Marie-Claude. 2020. "Development of a Method to Locate Deserts and Food Swamps Following the Experience of a Region in Quebec, Canada" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 10: 3359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103359

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