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Article

Start-Up of a Biofilter in a Full-Scale Groundwater Treatment Plant for Iron and Manganese Removal

by 1,*, 1, 1,2 and 1,*
1
Key Laboratory of Water Science and Water Environment Recovery Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 698; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050698
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 21 February 2019 / Accepted: 23 February 2019 / Published: 27 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 15th Anniversary)
In recent years, biological purification technology has been widely developed in the process of iron and manganese removal from groundwater. The cultivation and maturation of the biological filter layer are key for biological iron and manganese removal processes. The time needed for maturation varies significantly with the water quality, filter and filter media conditions and operation parameters; sometimes it takes only one or two months, sometime more than half a year. In this paper, the feasibility of adopting an intermittent operation for the cultivation of biofilter was investigated with productive filters in a groundwater treatment plant, and the comparative test of the filter column was conducted. The results showed that the intermittent operation had little effect on the cultivation of the biofilter because dissolved oxygen would be gradually exhausted during the filter-suspension process, making the filter layer anaerobic, thus possibly inhibiting the growth and reproduction of IMOB (Iron and Manganese Oxidizing Bacteria). At the same time, the test shows that when the mature biological filter needs the suspension operation, the emptying method should be considered to avoid the destruction of the biological layer. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater; iron and manganese removal; biofilter groundwater; iron and manganese removal; biofilter
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, H.; Yin, C.; Zhang, J.; Li, D. Start-Up of a Biofilter in a Full-Scale Groundwater Treatment Plant for Iron and Manganese Removal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 698. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050698

AMA Style

Zeng H, Yin C, Zhang J, Li D. Start-Up of a Biofilter in a Full-Scale Groundwater Treatment Plant for Iron and Manganese Removal. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(5):698. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050698

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeng, Huiping, Can Yin, Jie Zhang, and Dong Li. 2019. "Start-Up of a Biofilter in a Full-Scale Groundwater Treatment Plant for Iron and Manganese Removal" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 5: 698. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050698

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