Work Related Stress, Well-Being and Cardiovascular Risk among Flight Logistic Workers: An Observational Study
AbstractWork-related stress is a known occupational hazard, with a putative role on the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Although several investigations have explored the association in various workplace scenarios, none have focused on the airport flight logistic support personnel, a transportation business of crucial importance, potentially exposed to job stress and consequently to an increase in CVD risk. We explored the relationship between work-related stress and cardiovascular risk in 568 healthy workers of a flight logistic support company using the Health and Safety Executive questionnaire, the Framingham Heart Study General Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Prediction Score, and the WHO general well-being index (WHO-5). We used univariate and multivariate statistical methods to take account of possible confounders. Our results show that a low job support significantly increases the CVD risk score and decreases the WHO well-being index with reference to subjects reporting high support on the job. In addition, the well-being index of workers with high strain jobs appears lower in respect to workers employed in low strain job. The multivariate analysis confirms a protective effect of job support, and shows a detrimental influence on CVD risk by physical inactivity, regular intake of alcohol, and a low educational level. In addition, job control, job support, low strain, and high demand coupled with high control (active job) showed a beneficial effect on psychological well-being. Our results suggest that a combination of general risk factors and organizational factors contributes to increase CVD risk and well-being, representing a crucial target for intervention strategies to promote health in the workplace. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Lecca, L.I.; Campagna, M.; Portoghese, I.; Galletta, M.; Mucci, N.; Meloni, M.; Cocco, P. Work Related Stress, Well-Being and Cardiovascular Risk among Flight Logistic Workers: An Observational Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1952.
Lecca LI, Campagna M, Portoghese I, Galletta M, Mucci N, Meloni M, Cocco P. Work Related Stress, Well-Being and Cardiovascular Risk among Flight Logistic Workers: An Observational Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(9):1952.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lecca, Luigi I.; Campagna, Marcello; Portoghese, Igor; Galletta, Maura; Mucci, Nicola; Meloni, Michele; Cocco, Pierluigi. 2018. "Work Related Stress, Well-Being and Cardiovascular Risk among Flight Logistic Workers: An Observational Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 9: 1952.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.