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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1952; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091952

Work Related Stress, Well-Being and Cardiovascular Risk among Flight Logistic Workers: An Observational Study

1
Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Asse Didattico E, SS 554, km 4,500, 09042 Monserrato, Italy
2
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Florence, 50134 Florence, Italy
3
CENTRALABS, University of Cagliari, Engineering Labs, SS 554, km 4,500, 09042 Monserrato, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 26 August 2018 / Accepted: 4 September 2018 / Published: 7 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health Promotion 2018)
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Abstract

Work-related stress is a known occupational hazard, with a putative role on the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Although several investigations have explored the association in various workplace scenarios, none have focused on the airport flight logistic support personnel, a transportation business of crucial importance, potentially exposed to job stress and consequently to an increase in CVD risk. We explored the relationship between work-related stress and cardiovascular risk in 568 healthy workers of a flight logistic support company using the Health and Safety Executive questionnaire, the Framingham Heart Study General Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Prediction Score, and the WHO general well-being index (WHO-5). We used univariate and multivariate statistical methods to take account of possible confounders. Our results show that a low job support significantly increases the CVD risk score and decreases the WHO well-being index with reference to subjects reporting high support on the job. In addition, the well-being index of workers with high strain jobs appears lower in respect to workers employed in low strain job. The multivariate analysis confirms a protective effect of job support, and shows a detrimental influence on CVD risk by physical inactivity, regular intake of alcohol, and a low educational level. In addition, job control, job support, low strain, and high demand coupled with high control (active job) showed a beneficial effect on psychological well-being. Our results suggest that a combination of general risk factors and organizational factors contributes to increase CVD risk and well-being, representing a crucial target for intervention strategies to promote health in the workplace. View Full-Text
Keywords: work-related stress; cardiovascular risk score; Karasek taxonomy; general well-being; tailored workplace health promotion work-related stress; cardiovascular risk score; Karasek taxonomy; general well-being; tailored workplace health promotion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Lecca, L.I.; Campagna, M.; Portoghese, I.; Galletta, M.; Mucci, N.; Meloni, M.; Cocco, P. Work Related Stress, Well-Being and Cardiovascular Risk among Flight Logistic Workers: An Observational Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1952.

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