Next Article in Journal
Analysis of Green Public Procurement of Works by Spanish Public Universities
Previous Article in Journal
About One in Five Novice Vapers Buying Their First E-Cigarette in a Vape Shop Are Smoking Abstinent after Six Months
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1887;

Annoyance in Response to Vibrations from Railways

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Box 414, 40530 Göteborg, Sweden
Centre for Sustainability, Environment and Health (RIVM), P.O. Box 1, 3720BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 July 2018 / Revised: 20 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1713 KB, uploaded 31 August 2018]   |  


Rail transport is a key stepping stone in the EU’s transport policy and is pinpointed for investment and growth over the coming decades. This expanding infrastructure implies increased exposure to environmental stressors, such as noise and ground-borne vibrations. Little is known about the health impacts of exposure to these vibrations. The aim of this paper is to examine the association between annoyance from rail vibrations and the distance of residential dwelling from the railway. It reports the first results of a large epidemiological study, EpiVib, which was designed to investigate the long-term health effects of exposure to rail vibrations. The first part of this study examines a self-reported questionnaire. In total, 6894 individuals aged between 18 and 80 living within 1 km of a railway in west Sweden participated. Results presented here examine the association between distance to the railway and annoyance from vibrations and are stratified by train type. A positive association between closer distance and increased annoyance is seen. After adjustment for important modifiers, results showed that vibrations from freight trains and maintenance operations are reported to be moderately and highly annoying at distances of up to 400 m from the railway and diesel up to 300 m. Vibration from passenger and fast trains are significantly annoying up to 200 m from the track. Vibration from freight trains and maintenance operations were considered highly annoying up to 300 m from the track, diesel up to 400 m. Vibration from passenger and fast trains are not reported to be highly annoying after adjustment. Heavier, slower moving locomotives, in the form of diesel and freight trains, appear to be the source of annoyance at distances further from the railway compared to passenger and fast trains. This has implications in terms of property, transport, and infrastructure planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: annoyance; vibration; rail; train; railway proximity annoyance; vibration; rail; train; railway proximity

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Maclachlan, L.; Ögren, M.; van Kempen, E.; Hussain-Alkhateeb, L.; Persson Waye, K. Annoyance in Response to Vibrations from Railways. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1887.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top