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Open AccessArticle

Impact of Wearing Graduated Compression Stockings on Psychological and Physiological Responses during Prolonged Sitting

1
Division of Human Environmental Science, Mt. Fuji Research Institute, Yamanashi 403-0005, Japan
2
Department of Childhood Education, Kyushu Sangyo University, Fukuoka 8138503, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1710; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081710
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 7 August 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Sedentary Behaviour and Health)
We investigated the impact of wearing vs. not wearing graduated compression stockings on psychological and physiological responses in 18 healthy young people (12 men and six women) during 3 h prolonged sitting. Profiled of Mood States (POMS) scores did not show marked differences between with and without stockings. A 3 h sit significantly decreased saliva cortisol in both conditions; with no differences between conditions. Wearing stockings suppressed a subjective uncomfortable sensation (e.g., pain; fatigue; swelling) in the lower limbs, as assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS). Increase in heart rate at 1 h and 3 h was significantly greater without than with stockings. In addition, high-frequency oscillations (HF: 0.15–0.4 Hz), used as an indicator of parasympathetic nerve activity, showed higher values with than without stockings throughout the 3 h sitting period—significantly higher at 1 h. When data for both conditions were pooled pre-to-post changes in saliva cortisol were positively associated with higher uncomfortable sensations of VAS in the lower limbs and negatively associated with changes in the Vigor subscale of POMS. Collectively, these findings suggest that wearing graduated compression stockings may benefit from subjective comfort and increased parasympathetic nerve activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: profile of mood states; saliva cortisol; heart rate variability; visual analogue scale; subjective feelings profile of mood states; saliva cortisol; heart rate variability; visual analogue scale; subjective feelings
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Horiuchi, M.; Takiguchi, C.; Kirihara, Y.; Horiuchi, Y. Impact of Wearing Graduated Compression Stockings on Psychological and Physiological Responses during Prolonged Sitting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1710.

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