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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 518; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030518

Erosion and Sediment Transport Modelling in Shallow Waters: A Review on Approaches, Models and Applications

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, 10555 W Flagler Street, EC3781, Miami, FL 33174, USA
2
Department of Earth and Environment, Florida International University, AHC-5-390, 11200 SW 8th Street Miami, FL 33199, USA
3
Department of Civil Engineering and Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, 10555 W Flagler Street, Miami, FL 33174, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2018 / Revised: 26 February 2018 / Accepted: 10 March 2018 / Published: 14 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Point Source Pollution and Environmental Assessment)
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Abstract

The erosion and sediment transport processes in shallow waters, which are discussed in this paper, begin when water droplets hit the soil surface. The transport mechanism caused by the consequent rainfall-runoff process determines the amount of generated sediment that can be transferred downslope. Many significant studies and models are performed to investigate these processes, which differ in terms of their effecting factors, approaches, inputs and outputs, model structure and the manner that these processes represent. This paper attempts to review the related literature concerning sediment transport modelling in shallow waters. A classification based on the representational processes of the soil erosion and sediment transport models (empirical, conceptual, physical and hybrid) is adopted, and the commonly-used models and their characteristics are listed. This review is expected to be of interest to researchers and soil and water conservation managers who are working on erosion and sediment transport phenomena in shallow waters. The paper format should be helpful for practitioners to identify and generally characterize the types of available models, their strengths and their basic scope of applicability. View Full-Text
Keywords: erosion and sediment transport; mathematical and computer models; types of models; classification; applications; shallow waters erosion and sediment transport; mathematical and computer models; types of models; classification; applications; shallow waters
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Hajigholizadeh, M.; Melesse, A.M.; Fuentes, H.R. Erosion and Sediment Transport Modelling in Shallow Waters: A Review on Approaches, Models and Applications. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 518.

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