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Open AccessArticle

Work Environment, Stress, and Driving Anger: A Structural Equation Model for Predicting Traffic Sanctions of Public Transport Drivers

1
FACTHUM Lab (Human Factor and Road Safety) Research Group, INTRAS (Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety) Research Group, Faculty of Psychology, INTRAS (Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
3
Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, El Bosque University, Bogotá 110121, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 497; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030497
Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 5 March 2018 / Accepted: 9 March 2018 / Published: 12 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Public transport is an effective and sustainable alternative to private vehicle usage, also helping to reduce the environmental impact of driving. However, the work environment of public transport operators is full of adverse conditions, which, together with their high mileage, may increase the occurrence of negative safety outcomes such as traffic accidents, often preceded by risky road behaviors enhanced by stress, anger, and difficult operating conditions. The aims of this study were, first, to determine the association between work-related psychosocial factors and individual characteristics of public transport drivers and the rate of traffic sanctions they are subject to; and second, to assess the mediation of driving anger in this relationship. A sample of professional drivers (57.4% city bus, 17.6% taxi, and 25% inter-urban bus male operators) was used for this cross-sectional study, responding to a five-section survey including demographic data and driving-related factors, psychosocial work factors including job stress, driving stress, risk predisposition, and driving anger. The results of this study showed significant associations between work-related factors: measures of stress and self-reported rates of traffic fines. Second, it was found that driving anger mediates the associations between driving stress, risk predisposition, and traffic sanctions; and partially mediates the association between driving experience, hourly intensity, and job stress. This study supports the idea that traffic penalties reported by public transport rates are preceded by work-related, personality, and other individual factors that, when combined with driving anger, enhance the occurrence of road misbehavior that may affect overall road safety. View Full-Text
Keywords: working conditions; stress; job strain; driving stress; driving anger; risky road behavior; road misbehaviors; traffic sanctions working conditions; stress; job strain; driving stress; driving anger; risky road behavior; road misbehaviors; traffic sanctions
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Montoro, L.; Useche, S.; Alonso, F.; Cendales, B. Work Environment, Stress, and Driving Anger: A Structural Equation Model for Predicting Traffic Sanctions of Public Transport Drivers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 497.

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