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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 669;

Children’s Understanding of No Diving Warning Signs: Implications for Preventing Childhood Injury

Psychology Department, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ian Pike and Alison Macpherson
Received: 15 October 2015 / Revised: 30 November 2015 / Accepted: 8 January 2016 / Published: 7 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Injury Prevention 2015)
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The current study examined children’s understanding of No Diving warning signs. Normally-developing 7 to 10 year olds were asked questions to assess their understanding of text, images, and main messages on No Diving warning signs. These structured interviews were audio recorded and responses were later coded. Results revealed that children understood the behavior advised against (diving), why it is prohibited (can hit head on the bottom), and what can happen (serious injury including hospitalization). They understood that breaking your neck results in limitations in mobility and can occur from diving, but they did not anticipate that such an injury is likely to occur. There were no gender and few age differences, but diving experience was associated with children significantly downplaying their risk of injury. The findings suggest that having No Diving warning signs explicitly mention a broken neck, may serve to remind children of this potential consequence at the time of decision making. Active adult supervision is particularly important for children who have prior positive diving experiences. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; unintentional injury; diving; warning signs children; unintentional injury; diving; warning signs

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Morrongiello, B.A.; Cox, A.; Scott, R.; Sutey, S.E. Children’s Understanding of No Diving Warning Signs: Implications for Preventing Childhood Injury. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 669.

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