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The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Students’ Behavioral Disorder: A Difference-in-Difference Analysis

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Center for Industrial and Business Organization, Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, No. 217 Jianshan Street, Shahekou District, Dalian 116025, Liaoning Province, China
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Center for Social Work Development and Research, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, No. 55 Guanghuacun Rd., Chengdu 610072, Sichuan Province, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ulf-G. Gerdtham
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(5), 5540-5560; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120505540
Received: 9 March 2015 / Accepted: 7 May 2015 / Published: 22 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Health Economics)
Objective: The objective of this paper is to examine the impact of Hurricane Katrina on displaced students’ behavioral disorder. Methods: First, we determine displaced students’ likelihood of discipline infraction each year relative to non-evacuees using all K12 student records of the U.S. state of Louisiana during the period of 2000–2008. Second, we investigate the impact of hurricane on evacuee students’ in-school behavior in a difference-in-difference framework. The quasi-experimental nature of the hurricane makes this framework appropriate with the advantage that the problem of endogeneity is of least concern and the causal effect of interest can be reasonably identified. Results: Preliminary analysis demonstrates a sharp increase in displaced students’ relative likelihood of discipline infraction around 2005 when the hurricane occurred. Further, formal difference-in-difference analysis confirms the results. To be specific, post Katrina, displaced students’ relative likelihood of any discipline infraction has increased by 7.3% whereas the increase in the relative likelihood for status offense, offense against person, offense against property and serious crime is 4%, 1.5%, 3.8% and 2.1%, respectively. Conclusion: When disasters occur, as was the case with Hurricane Katrina, in addition to assistance for adult evacuees, governments, in cooperation with schools, should also provide aid and assistance to displaced children to support their mental health and in-school behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: hurricane; Katrina; discipline; difference-in-difference; behavior hurricane; Katrina; discipline; difference-in-difference; behavior
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Tian, X.-L.; Guan, X. The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Students’ Behavioral Disorder: A Difference-in-Difference Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 5540-5560.

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