Next Article in Journal
Physiological and Psychological Effects on High School Students of Viewing Real and Artificial Pansies
Previous Article in Journal
The Relation between Self-Reported Worry and Annoyance from Air and Road Traffic
Open AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Atopy in Toddlers: A Case-Control Study

by Jolene Yung 1,†, John W. M. Yuen 1,†, Yvonne Ou 2 and Alice Yuen Loke 1,*,†
1
School of Nursing, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
2
Central Health Medical Practice, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 2501-2520; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120302501
Received: 29 December 2014 / Revised: 8 February 2015 / Accepted: 17 February 2015 / Published: 25 February 2015
In this case-control study the association between the approaches used to feed infants, together with known family and environmental factors, and the occurrence of atopic illness in toddlers between the ages of 4 months to 3 years in Hong Kong was examined. A total of 206 subjects were recruited from April to June of 2014. The results obtained by binary logistic regression indicated that atopy is associated with boys (OR 2.072, CI 1.089–3.941), the maternal use of antibiotics in utero or while breast feeding (OR 2.276, CI 1.151–4.504), the later commencement of mixed feeding (OR 2.497, CI 1.025–6.082), breast feeding exclusively for 3 months (OR 1.972, CI 1.009–3.857), and having a mother who was diagnosed with eczema (OR 4.510, CI 1.764–11.530). Although an exclusive reliance on breast feeding has been shown to be predictive of atopy among toddlers, the positive qualities of breast milk cannot be ignored. A further study of the contents and nutritional values of breast milk is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast-feeding; maternal antibiotic use; atopy; toddlers breast-feeding; maternal antibiotic use; atopy; toddlers
MDPI and ACS Style

Yung, J.; Yuen, J.W.M.; Ou, Y.; Loke, A.Y. Factors Associated with Atopy in Toddlers: A Case-Control Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2501-2520.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop