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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(1), 541-553;

Managing an Online Survey about Influenza Vaccination in Primary Healthcare Workers

CIBER Epidemiología y Salud pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona 08036, Spain
Departament de Salut Pública, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona 08036, Spain
Subdirección de Promoción de la Salud y Prevención, Consejería de Sanidad, Madrid 28035, Spain
Agencia de Salut Pública de Catalunya, Barcelona 08005, Spain
Instituto de Salud Pública de Navarra, Pamplona 31003, Spain
Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Galdakao-Unansolo (Osakidetza), Bizkaia 48960, Spain
Red de Investigación en Servicios de Salud en Enfermedades Crónicas (REDISSEC), Galdakao, Bizkaia 48960, Spain
Epidemiología, Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid 28035, Spain
Servicio de Vigilancia de Andalucía, Sevilla 41071, Spain
Dirección General de Salud Pública, Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación, Junta de Castillay León, Valladolid 47071, Spain
Unidad Mixta Genómica y Salud FISOBIO-Salud Pública, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia 46014, Spain
Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Universidad de León, León 24071, Spain
Servicio Andaluz de Salud Pública, Sevilla 41071, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: María M. Morales Suárez-Varela
Received: 15 September 2014 / Accepted: 31 December 2014 / Published: 9 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Preventive Medicine)
Full-Text   |   PDF [955 KB, uploaded 9 January 2015]   |  


Online surveys are increasingly used due to their speed and efficiency. The aim of this study was to analyze factors that may have contributed to the quality and speed of response of an online survey on influenza vaccination in primary healthcare workers. A multicenter study including family physicians, nurses and pediatricians from primary healthcare teams from seven Spanish Autonomous Communities was designed. The centers were selected by simple random sampling. The survey remained active and accessible for 56 days and four reminders were sent. The odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to assess the association of sociodemographic variables and responding to the survey before the second reminder. Complete, validated information was obtained from 1965 primary healthcare workers. The total response rate was 36.2%. More nurses (46.3%) responded before the second reminder and more family physicians (52.8%) after the second reminder. The adjusted OR shows that family physicians responded later (AOR 1.46, 95% CI 1.2–1.8) than nurses. The responses obtained in the first 24 h after the initial sending and the reminders accounted for 41.7% of the completed surveys, indicating the importance of reminders. View Full-Text
Keywords: online survey; primary healthcare workers; research design; data collection; methodological considerations online survey; primary healthcare workers; research design; data collection; methodological considerations

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Toledo, D.; Aerny, N.; Soldevila, N.; Baricot, M.; Godoy, P.; Castilla, J.; García-Gutierrez, S.; Torner, N.; Astray, J.; Mayoral, J.M.; Tamames, S.; González-Candelas, F.; Martín, V.; Díaz, J.; Domíguez, A.; CIBERESP Working Group for the Survey on Influenza Vaccination in Primary Health Care Workers. Managing an Online Survey about Influenza Vaccination in Primary Healthcare Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 541-553.

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