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Article

Preoperative Prophylactic Balloon-Assisted Occlusion of the Internal Iliac Arteries in the Management of Placenta Increta/Percreta

1
Department of Radiology, Ewha Womans University, College of Medicine, Seoul 07804, Korea
2
Department of Radiology, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju 52727, Korea
3
Department of Radiology, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon 51472, Korea
4
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon 51472, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2020, 56(8), 368; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56080368
Received: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 22 July 2020 / Published: 23 July 2020
Background and Objectives: Preoperative prophylactic balloon-assisted occlusion (PBAO) of the internal iliac arteries minimizes blood loss and facilitates surgery performance, through reductions in the rate of uterine perfusion, which allow for better control in hysterectomy performance, with decreased rates of bleeding and surgical complications. We aimed to investigate the maternal and fetal outcomes associated with PBAO use in women with placenta increta or percreta. Material and Methods: The records of 42 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of placenta increta or percreta were retrospectively reviewed. Of 42 patients, 17 patients (40.5%) with placenta increta or percreta underwent cesarean delivery after prophylactic balloon catheter placement in the bilateral internal iliac artery (balloon group). The blood loss volume, transfusion volume, postoperative hemoglobin changes, rates of hysterectomy and hospitalization, and infant Apgar score in this group were compared to those of 25 similar women who underwent cesarean delivery without balloon placement (surgical group). Results: The mean intraoperative blood loss volume in the balloon group (2319 ± 1191 mL, range 1000–4500 mL) was significantly lower than that in the surgical group (4435 ± 1376 mL, range 1500–10,500 mL) (p = 0.037). The mean blood unit volume transfused in the balloon group (2060 ± 1154 mL, range 1200–8000 mL) was significantly lower than that in the surgical group (3840 ± 1464 mL, range 1800–15,200 mL) (p = 0.043). There was no significant difference in the postoperative hemoglobin change, hysterectomy rates, length of hospitalization, or infant Apgar score between the groups. Conclusion: PBAO of the internal iliac artery prior to cesarean delivery in patients with placenta increta or percreta is a safe and minimally invasive technique that reduces the rate of intraoperative blood loss and transfusion requirements. View Full-Text
Keywords: prophylactic balloon-assisted occlusion; Apgar score; placenta increta; placenta accreta; placenta percreta; cesarean prophylactic balloon-assisted occlusion; Apgar score; placenta increta; placenta accreta; placenta percreta; cesarean
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cho, S.B.; Hong, S.J.; Lee, S.; Won, J.H.; Choi, H.C.; Ha, J.Y.; Moon, J.I.; Park, J.K.; Park, J.E.; Park, S.E. Preoperative Prophylactic Balloon-Assisted Occlusion of the Internal Iliac Arteries in the Management of Placenta Increta/Percreta. Medicina 2020, 56, 368. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56080368

AMA Style

Cho SB, Hong SJ, Lee S, Won JH, Choi HC, Ha JY, Moon JI, Park JK, Park JE, Park SE. Preoperative Prophylactic Balloon-Assisted Occlusion of the Internal Iliac Arteries in the Management of Placenta Increta/Percreta. Medicina. 2020; 56(8):368. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56080368

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cho, Soo B., Seok J. Hong, Sangmin Lee, Jung H. Won, Ho C. Choi, Ji Y. Ha, Jin I. Moon, Ji K. Park, Ji E. Park, and Sung E. Park. 2020. "Preoperative Prophylactic Balloon-Assisted Occlusion of the Internal Iliac Arteries in the Management of Placenta Increta/Percreta" Medicina 56, no. 8: 368. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56080368

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