Next Article in Journal
In-Mold Sensors for Injection Molding: On the Way to Industry 4.0
Previous Article in Journal
AI-Based Early Change Detection in Smart Living Environments
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Collaborative Resource Management for Negotiable Multi-Operator Small Cell Networks

School of Information, Computer, and Communication Technology, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University (TU), Pathum Thani 12121, Thailand
School of Information Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Ishikawa 923-1292, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(16), 3550;
Received: 10 June 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
PDF [411 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]


The ubiquitous coverage/connectivity requirement of wireless cellular networks has shifted mobile network operators’ (MNOs) interest toward dense deployment of small cells with coverage areas that are much smaller as compared to macrocell base stations (MBSs). Multi-operator small cells could provide virtualization of network resources (infrastructure and spectrum) and enable its efficient utilization, i.e., uninterrupted coverage and connectivity to subscribers, and an opportunity to avoid under-utilization of the network resources. However, a MNO with exclusive ownership to network resources would have little incentive to utilize its precious resources to serve users of other MNOs, since MNOs differentiate among others based on their ownership of the licensed spectrum. Thus, considering network resources scarcity and under-utilization, this paper proposes a mechanism for multi-operator small cells collaboration through negotiation that establishes a mutual agreement acceptable to all involved parties, i.e., a win–win situation for the collaborating MNOs. It enables subscribers of a MNO to utilize other MNOs’ network resources, and allows MNOs to offer small cells “as a service” to users with ubiquitous access to wireless coverage/connectivity, maximize the use of an existing network resources by serving additional users from a market share, and enhance per-user data rate. We validated and evaluated the proposed mechanism through simulations considering various performance metrics. View Full-Text
Keywords: bilateral negotiation; collaboration; multi-operator; resource management; small cells bilateral negotiation; collaboration; multi-operator; resource management; small cells

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Shah, S.; Kittipiyakul, S.; Lim, Y.; Tan, Y. Collaborative Resource Management for Negotiable Multi-Operator Small Cell Networks. Sensors 2019, 19, 3550.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top