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Sensors 2018, 18(6), 1862; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18061862

Acoustic–Seismic Mixed Feature Extraction Based on Wavelet Transform for Vehicle Classification in Wireless Sensor Networks

College of Artificial Intelligence, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410073, China
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Received: 28 April 2018 / Revised: 31 May 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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Abstract

An acoustic–seismic mixed feature extraction method based on the wavelet coefficient energy ratio (WCER) of the target signal is proposed in this study for classifying vehicle targets in wireless sensor networks. The signal was decomposed into a set of wavelet coefficients using the à trous algorithm, which is a concise method used to implement the wavelet transform of a discrete signal sequence. After the wavelet coefficients of the target acoustic and seismic signals were obtained, the energy ratio of each layer coefficient was calculated as the feature vector of the target signals. Subsequently, the acoustic and seismic features were merged into an acoustic–seismic mixed feature to improve the target classification accuracy after the acoustic and seismic WCER features of the target signal were simplified using the hierarchical clustering method. We selected the support vector machine method for classification and utilized the data acquired from a real-world experiment to validate the proposed method. The calculated results show that the WCER feature extraction method can effectively extract the target features from target signals. Feature simplification can reduce the time consumption of feature extraction and classification, with no effect on the target classification accuracy. The use of acoustic–seismic mixed features effectively improved target classification accuracy by approximately 12% compared with either acoustic signal or seismic signal alone. View Full-Text
Keywords: feature extraction; wavelet coefficient energy ratio (WCER); hierarchical clustering; vehicle classification; wireless sensor networks (WSNs) feature extraction; wavelet coefficient energy ratio (WCER); hierarchical clustering; vehicle classification; wireless sensor networks (WSNs)
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Zhang, H.; Pan, Z.; Zhang, W. Acoustic–Seismic Mixed Feature Extraction Based on Wavelet Transform for Vehicle Classification in Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2018, 18, 1862.

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