Damage Evaluation of Concrete Column under Impact Load Using a Piezoelectric-Based EMI Technique
AbstractOne of the major causes of damage to column-supported concrete structures, such as bridges and highways, are collisions from moving vehicles, such as cars and ships. It is essential to quantify the collision damage of the column so that appropriate actions can be taken to prevent catastrophic events. A widely used method to assess structural damage is through the root-mean-square deviation (RMSD) damage index established by the collected data; however, the RMSD index does not truly provide quantitative information about the structure. Conversely, the damage volume ratio that can only be obtained via simulation provides better detail about the level of damage in a structure. Furthermore, as simulation can also provide the RMSD index relating to that particular damage volume ratio, the empirically obtained RMSD index can thus be related to the structural damage degree through comparison of the empirically obtained RMSD index to numerically-obtained RMSD. Thus, this paper presents a novel method in which the impact-induced damage to a structure is simulated in order to obtain the relationship between the damage volume ratio to the RMSD index, and the relationship can be used to predict the true damage degree by comparison to the empirical RMSD index. In this paper, the collision damage of a bridge column by moving vehicles was simulated by using a concrete beam model subjected to continuous impact loadings by a freefalling steel ball. The variation in admittance signals measured by the surface attached lead zirconate titanate (PZT) patches was used to establish the RMSD index. The results demonstrate that the RMSD index and the damage ratio of concrete have a linear relationship for the particular simulation model. View Full-Text
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Fan, S.; Zhao, S.; Qi, B.; Kong, Q. Damage Evaluation of Concrete Column under Impact Load Using a Piezoelectric-Based EMI Technique. Sensors 2018, 18, 1591.
Fan S, Zhao S, Qi B, Kong Q. Damage Evaluation of Concrete Column under Impact Load Using a Piezoelectric-Based EMI Technique. Sensors. 2018; 18(5):1591.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fan, Shuli; Zhao, Shaoyu; Qi, Baoxin; Kong, Qingzhao. 2018. "Damage Evaluation of Concrete Column under Impact Load Using a Piezoelectric-Based EMI Technique." Sensors 18, no. 5: 1591.
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