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Open AccessArticle

Combination of High- and Low-Rate GPS Receivers for Monitoring Wind-Induced Response of Tall Buildings

1
School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
3
Department of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong 310058, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2018, 18(12), 4100; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124100
Received: 30 September 2018 / Revised: 6 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High-Precision GNSS in Remote Sensing Applications)
High-rise buildings are susceptible to wind-induced displacements, which can be precisely monitored by using GPS technology. However, GPS monitoring applications may be subject to signal interference and high hardware costs. This study presents a new wind-induced vibration monitoring approach that is based on the mixed use of high-rate and low-rate GPS receivers. In the proposed approach, high-rate receivers are only required in the monitoring stations, where we apply time-differenced positioning to obtain position changes between adjacent epochs. The derived high-rate monitoring station position changes are then integrated with low-rate single epoch relative positioning results between the monitoring and reference stations. Experimental results with both simulated and real data show that the proposed method has a comparable performance with the traditional relative positioning approach, in terms of determining buildings’ vibration frequency, displacement, and acceleration. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-rate GPS; wind-induced vibrations; time-differenced positioning; single-epoch relative positioning; precise point positioning high-rate GPS; wind-induced vibrations; time-differenced positioning; single-epoch relative positioning; precise point positioning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yi, Z.; Kuang, C.; Wang, Y.; Yu, W.; Cai, C.; Dai, W. Combination of High- and Low-Rate GPS Receivers for Monitoring Wind-Induced Response of Tall Buildings. Sensors 2018, 18, 4100.

AMA Style

Yi Z, Kuang C, Wang Y, Yu W, Cai C, Dai W. Combination of High- and Low-Rate GPS Receivers for Monitoring Wind-Induced Response of Tall Buildings. Sensors. 2018; 18(12):4100.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yi, Zhonghai; Kuang, Cuilin; Wang, Yarong; Yu, Wenkun; Cai, Changsheng; Dai, Wujiao. 2018. "Combination of High- and Low-Rate GPS Receivers for Monitoring Wind-Induced Response of Tall Buildings" Sensors 18, no. 12: 4100.

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