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Sensors 2017, 17(4), 682;

DOA Estimation of Coherent Signals on Coprime Arrays Exploiting Fourth-Order Cumulants

Department of Electronic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zhiguo Shi, Yujie Gu and Rongxing Lu
Received: 15 February 2017 / Revised: 10 March 2017 / Accepted: 23 March 2017 / Published: 25 March 2017
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This paper considers the problem of direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation of coherent signals on passive coprime arrays, where we resort to the fourth-order cumulants of the received signal to explore more information. A fourth-order cumulant matrix (FCM) is introduced for the coprime array. The special structure of the FCM is combined with the array configuration to resolve the coherent signals. Since each sparse array of a coprime array is uniform, a series of overlapping identical subarrays can be extracted. Using this property, we propose a generalized spatial smoothing scheme applied to the FCM. From the smoothed FCM, the DOAs of both the coherent and independent signals can be successfully estimated on the pseudo-spectrum generated by the fourth-order MUSIC algorithm. To overcome the problem of occasional false peaks appearing on the pseudo-spectrum, we use a supplementary sparse array whose inter-sensor spacing is coprime to that of either existing sparse array. From the combined spectrum aided by the supplementary sensors, the false peaks are removed while the true peaks remain. The effectiveness of the proposed methods is demonstrated by simulation examples. View Full-Text
Keywords: coprime array; coherent; fourth-order cumulants; spatial smoothing coprime array; coherent; fourth-order cumulants; spatial smoothing

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Hu, Y.; Liu, Y.; Wang, X. DOA Estimation of Coherent Signals on Coprime Arrays Exploiting Fourth-Order Cumulants. Sensors 2017, 17, 682.

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