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Open AccessArticle

Development of an Automatic Identification System Autonomous Positioning System

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Information Science and Technology College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
2
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Assefa M. Melesse
Sensors 2015, 15(11), 28574-28591; https://doi.org/10.3390/s151128574
Received: 28 August 2015 / Accepted: 5 November 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors, Control, and Telemetry)
In order to overcome the vulnerability of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) and provide robust position, navigation and time (PNT) information in marine navigation, the autonomous positioning system based on ranging-mode Automatic Identification System (AIS) is presented in the paper. The principle of the AIS autonomous positioning system (AAPS) is investigated, including the position algorithm, the signal measurement technique, the geometric dilution of precision, the time synchronization technique and the additional secondary factor correction technique. In order to validate the proposed AAPS, a verification system has been established in the Xinghai sea region of Dalian (China). Static and dynamic positioning experiments are performed. The original function of the AIS in the AAPS is not influenced. The experimental results show that the positioning precision of the AAPS is better than 10 m in the area with good geometric dilution of precision (GDOP) by the additional secondary factor correction technology. This is the most economical solution for a land-based positioning system to complement the GNSS for the navigation safety of vessels sailing along coasts. View Full-Text
Keywords: positioning system; automatic identification system (AIS); ranging-mode; additional secondary factor (ASF) positioning system; automatic identification system (AIS); ranging-mode; additional secondary factor (ASF)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, Q.; Jiang, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, X.; Zhang, S. Development of an Automatic Identification System Autonomous Positioning System. Sensors 2015, 15, 28574-28591.

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