Onboard Image Processing System for Hyperspectral Sensor
AbstractOnboard image processing systems for a hyperspectral sensor have been developed in order to maximize image data transmission efficiency for large volume and high speed data downlink capacity. Since more than 100 channels are required for hyperspectral sensors on Earth observation satellites, fast and small-footprint lossless image compression capability is essential for reducing the size and weight of a sensor system. A fast lossless image compression algorithm has been developed, and is implemented in the onboard correction circuitry of sensitivity and linearity of Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) sensors in order to maximize the compression ratio. The employed image compression method is based on Fast, Efficient, Lossless Image compression System (FELICS), which is a hierarchical predictive coding method with resolution scaling. To improve FELICS’s performance of image decorrelation and entropy coding, we apply a two-dimensional interpolation prediction and adaptive Golomb-Rice coding. It supports progressive decompression using resolution scaling while still maintaining superior performance measured as speed and complexity. Coding efficiency and compression speed enlarge the effective capacity of signal transmission channels, which lead to reducing onboard hardware by multiplexing sensor signals into a reduced number of compression circuits. The circuitry is embedded into the data formatter of the sensor system without adding size, weight, power consumption, and fabrication cost. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Hihara, H.; Moritani, K.; Inoue, M.; Hoshi, Y.; Iwasaki, A.; Takada, J.; Inada, H.; Suzuki, M.; Seki, T.; Ichikawa, S.; Tanii, J. Onboard Image Processing System for Hyperspectral Sensor. Sensors 2015, 15, 24926-24944.
Hihara H, Moritani K, Inoue M, Hoshi Y, Iwasaki A, Takada J, Inada H, Suzuki M, Seki T, Ichikawa S, Tanii J. Onboard Image Processing System for Hyperspectral Sensor. Sensors. 2015; 15(10):24926-24944.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hihara, Hiroki; Moritani, Kotaro; Inoue, Masao; Hoshi, Yoshihiro; Iwasaki, Akira; Takada, Jun; Inada, Hitomi; Suzuki, Makoto; Seki, Taeko; Ichikawa, Satoshi; Tanii, Jun. 2015. "Onboard Image Processing System for Hyperspectral Sensor." Sensors 15, no. 10: 24926-24944.