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Sensors 2013, 13(2), 2295-2348;

Diverse Applications of Electronic-Nose Technologies in Agriculture and Forestry

USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Center for Bottomland Hardwoods Research, Southern Hardwoods Laboratory, P.O. Box 227, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA
Received: 1 December 2012 / Revised: 30 January 2013 / Accepted: 30 January 2013 / Published: 8 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensor-Based Technologies and Processes in Agriculture and Forestry)
Full-Text   |   PDF [561 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


Electronic-nose (e-nose) instruments, derived from numerous types of aroma-sensor technologies, have been developed for a diversity of applications in the broad fields of agriculture and forestry. Recent advances in e-nose technologies within the plant sciences, including improvements in gas-sensor designs, innovations in data analysis and pattern-recognition algorithms, and progress in material science and systems integration methods, have led to significant benefits to both industries. Electronic noses have been used in a variety of commercial agricultural-related industries, including the agricultural sectors of agronomy, biochemical processing, botany, cell culture, plant cultivar selections, environmental monitoring, horticulture, pesticide detection, plant physiology and pathology. Applications in forestry include uses in chemotaxonomy, log tracking, wood and paper processing, forest management, forest health protection, and waste management. These aroma-detection applications have improved plant-based product attributes, quality, uniformity, and consistency in ways that have increased the efficiency and effectiveness of production and manufacturing processes. This paper provides a comprehensive review and summary of a broad range of electronic-nose technologies and applications, developed specifically for the agriculture and forestry industries over the past thirty years, which have offered solutions that have greatly improved worldwide agricultural and agroforestry production systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial olfaction; electronic aroma detection; volatile organic compounds artificial olfaction; electronic aroma detection; volatile organic compounds
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Wilson, A.D. Diverse Applications of Electronic-Nose Technologies in Agriculture and Forestry. Sensors 2013, 13, 2295-2348.

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