Next Article in Journal
16S rRNA–Based Analysis Reveals Differences in the Bacterial Community Present in Tissues of Choromytilus chorus (Mytilidae, Bivalvia) Grown in an Estuary and a Bay in Southern Chile
Next Article in Special Issue
Ancient Faunal History Revealed by Interdisciplinary Biomolecular Approaches
Previous Article in Journal
Super Cooling Point Phenotypes and Cold Resistance in Hyles euphorbiae Hawk Moths from Different Climate Zones
 
 
Article

Shedding Light on the Dark Ages: Sketching Potential Trade Relationships in Early Medieval Romania through Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Sheep Remains

1
Doctoral School of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Molecular Biology Center, Interdisciplinary Research Institute on Bio-Nano-Sciences, Babeș-Bolyai University, 400271 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3
Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Geology, Babeș-Bolyai University, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4
Department of Chemistry, Babeș-Bolyai University, 11 Arany Janos Street, 400028 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
5
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hungarian Line of Study, Babeș-Bolyai University, 11 Arany János Street, 400028 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
6
Institute of Research-Development-Innovation in Applied Natural Sciences, Babeș-Bolyai University, Fantanele 30, 400294 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
7
Department of Applied Nuclear Physics, “Horia Hulubei” National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), 30 Reactorului Street, 077125 Magurele, Romania
8
Brukenthal National Museum, Piata Mare 5 Street, 550163 Sibiu, Romania
9
Department of History, Heritage and Protestant Theology, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, B-dul Victoriei nr. 5-7 Street, 550024 Sibiu, Romania
10
Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities, Romanian Academy, B-dul Victoriei nr 40 Street, 550024 Sibiu, Romania
11
Department of Research-Development and Projects, Museum of National History and Archeology, Piața Ovidiu nr. 12 Street, 900745 Constanța, Romania
12
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luc Legal
Diversity 2021, 13(5), 208; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13050208
Received: 23 April 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 11 May 2021 / Published: 13 May 2021
Southeast Europe has played an important role in shaping the genetic diversity of sheep due to its proximity to the Danubian route of transport from the Near East into Europe, as well as its possible role as a post-domestication migration network and long tradition of sheep breeding. The history of Romania and, in particular, the historical province of Dobruja, located on the shore of the Black Sea, has been influenced by its geographical position at the intersection between the great powers of the Near East and mainland Europe, with the Middle Ages being an especially animated time in terms of trade, migration, and conflict. In this study, we analyzed the mitochondrial control region of five sheep originating from the Capidava archaeological site (Dobruja, Southeast Romania), radiocarbon dated to the Early Middle Ages (5–10th century AD), in order to better understand the genetic diversity of local sheep populations and human practices in relation to this particular livestock species. The analyses illustrate high haplotype diversity in local medieval sheep, as well as possible genetic continuity in the region. A higher tendency for North to South interaction, rather than East to West, is apparent, together with a lack of interaction along the Asian route. Continuous interaction between the First Bulgarian Empire, which occupied Dobruja starting with the 7th century AD, and the Byzantine Empire is indicated. These results might suggest expanding trade in Southeast Romania in the Early Middle Ages. View Full-Text
Keywords: ancient DNA; Ovis aries; population genetics; radiocarbon dating; mitochondrial control region; genetic diversity ancient DNA; Ovis aries; population genetics; radiocarbon dating; mitochondrial control region; genetic diversity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Acatrinei, A.; Rusu, I.; Mircea, C.; Zagrean-Tuza, C.; Gál, E.; Păceșilă, D.; Gâza, O.; Urduzia, C.; Pinter, Z.K.; Dobrinescu, C.; Bodolică, V.; Pintea, A.; Kelemen, B. Shedding Light on the Dark Ages: Sketching Potential Trade Relationships in Early Medieval Romania through Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Sheep Remains. Diversity 2021, 13, 208. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13050208

AMA Style

Acatrinei A, Rusu I, Mircea C, Zagrean-Tuza C, Gál E, Păceșilă D, Gâza O, Urduzia C, Pinter ZK, Dobrinescu C, Bodolică V, Pintea A, Kelemen B. Shedding Light on the Dark Ages: Sketching Potential Trade Relationships in Early Medieval Romania through Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Sheep Remains. Diversity. 2021; 13(5):208. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13050208

Chicago/Turabian Style

Acatrinei, Arina, Ioana Rusu, Cristina Mircea, Cezara Zagrean-Tuza, Emese Gál, Doru Păceșilă, Oana Gâza, Claudia Urduzia, Zeno Karl Pinter, Cătălin Dobrinescu, Vitalie Bodolică, Adela Pintea, and Beatrice Kelemen. 2021. "Shedding Light on the Dark Ages: Sketching Potential Trade Relationships in Early Medieval Romania through Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Sheep Remains" Diversity 13, no. 5: 208. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13050208

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop